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CHARTER OAK. VOL. I. F R E E P R I N C I P L E S - F R E E M E N — April,] PUBLISHED BY THE CONNECTICUT F R E E S P E E C H - A N D A F R E E P R E S S . NO. 14. ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY, HARTFORD. [1839. T H E CHARTER OAK is published on the third Wednesday of each month, at No. 7, Asylum st., Hartford, at the following prices, to be paid in all cases in advance: 1 copy, . . . 50 cents per annum. 20 copies, . . . 5 dollars •• " 50 copies, . . . 10 dollars » 100 copies, - . . 1 7 dollars «• " To single subscribers, who tike their papers at die Office, tweaty-five cents. All orders and communications for the OAK, ehould be addressed to S . S . COWLES, Hartford. F<ar Uie Ujarter Oiik. Hindrance* to our ProgreNs. A feeling of deep anxiety for the slave and col. ored population of our land, prompts an obscure individual (thougJi one who has iielt deeply for the slave} to address a few lines to my brethren through the columns of the Oak. Sinc« the forioation of the A. S. Society in this town, there has not been as great progress onward in the cause at first was fondly anticipated, though surely it cannot be ^ i d tliat our brethren have not been zealously engaged in tlie work with /heir heart and hand, niaJung sacri^oes of time and jiroperty to aid in inculcating tlie principles of the iJociety at home, and in extending them to the -worJd at large: and yet, as I have said, there has not been as much accomplished as was expected, or might have been, in the period which has clap, sed since the Society commenced its operations. I wish not to discourage, tnucA has been done, friends have rejoiced, and no doubt an influence iius gone out that will prwluce great ciTects, the amount of which it would be difficult to estimate. But why has no more been done ? Why no great, cr accessions to the Society in this town, and in other towns, of the alle and iiiJueatUl part of oomnwnity ? In answer to these questions, I propose now to confine my remarks, sincerely hoping that my brethren here, and wherever they are guilty, will iveigh the matter well, and see if much sin does not remain at the door of our liearts unrepented oil In the first place, then, why has no n>ore been done ? I have been led to inquire into and observe /he causes which have operated most powerfully in this and in other places, to counteract the well di-reeled efforts of the Society, and retard the pro-ijress of the cause; and I have been brought to conclude, and must say, (to the shame of my brethren be it said) that the greatest of all hindran. them, there, we have concluded that it is best for us, and best for you, to be congregated in a society by yourselves; therefore, we have provided a place for you, a rich and fertile porrion of our country, and we give you the privilege to go, and we wish you to go; and then if they refuse to go, just carry them off as we have the Indians. Now, this looks to me a little like, and a little too much like coloni. zation, and if it may be qualified, the very worst kind of colonization; for colonizationista profess to carry the colored man to Africa only with their consent, but whether they really enjoy the privilege of choosing, I need not stop here to inquire. We can now see why no more of the talented and influ. cntial part of community are enlisted in the cause, to assist with their giant strength in rolling on the wheels of emancipation; for men of wisdom and honest principles desire to see conduct consistent with profession, and when they discover the con-trary in individuals, it may be expected that they will consider them, and the body to which they be-long, and their measures, as beneath their notice. Therefore, my brethren, in view of these things, it becomes us to scrutinize, and while we go on zealously engaged in the cause, let us not go with, out wisdom and discretion. We have been in fault, and let us acknowledge and correct it. Be cautious about saying and doing, that the opposer may not gain strength from our weakness, and thus too we shall be secure against these detrimental influences. Brethren, be divested of this prejudice as soon as may be, and treat men as your brethren, and let not this sin longer destroy your influence, and clog the wheels which are destined to roll Hberty to the oppressed, consolation and comfort to the captive, and peuce to them who mourn. Yours in the cause ot Emancipation, T. Sieriuan, Feb. 1, 1839. Fertile Charter Oak. Litchfield County Society. The Litchfield County Anti-Slavery Society met according to adjournment, at Northfield, on Wednesday, the 3d day of April. There bemg no presiding officer present, John Gunn, Esq., was called to the chair. The meeting was opened by prayer by the Rev. Francis Hawley, of Colebrook. Dei^ates were present from Colebrook, Hor-wintofl7 'I'orrlngftl'a, -Wolcottville, Watertown, Plymouth Centre, Plymouth Hollow, Terrysville, and Wasliington. TIJC reports of delegates were cheering for the cause. On motion, Resolved, That the system of American Slavery signed to carry my purpose into effect. The min. ister, and some of his leading men, are abolitionists, and the cause seems to be in a favorable condition, but they seemed to need some one to "stir them up" to more activity. The next place is Deep River, where opposers to abolition are about as scarce as obolitionists are in some of the other towns. It will not be neces. sary for me to particularize. Let it suffice to say, the cause is prospering. Our county meeting was held there with decidedly good effect. From Deep River I went to Essex. Accompa-nied by a brother, I called upon the pastor of the Pettipaug Society, and requested the privilege of meeting in his lecture room. He said he had no objection to the discussion of the subject—would throw no obstacles in the way of meetings—and wished to be considered entirely neutral. I am sorry the good pastor could not treat us with as much courtesy as he did the Colonization Society, by reading our notices. Lectured one evening. The weather was inclement, and the congregation not large. I made appointments for two other meet, ings in the subsequent week; but the rain fell in torrents, and the mud was so deep that the people could not be collected. There is much pro-slavery aiid mobocratic feeling in Essex. A large number of vessels from that port are engaged in the south. groes ! But is this Christianity ? Is this ' think, ing soberly' of ourselves ? ' For who maketh thee to differ from another ? And what hast thou, that thou didst not receive ? Now, if thou hast receiv. ed it, why dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not re-ceived it V 2. God regards men according to their MORAL CHARACTERS, and would have ua ao regard them. He hos also special regard for the poor and de. pressed, and requires the exercise of the same dis. position by us, v. 5. • He accepteth not the per. sons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor, for they all are the work of his hands,* Does God despise the workmanship of his own hands ? And will he suffer us to despise it, espe. cially when it is the tabernacle he has prepared for the residence of his own image ? And, if he re. gards not the rich more than the poor, can we sup. pose that he regards one color more than another ? Has he not made them all ? And has he ever in. formed us that one color is more honorable thon another ? Is it in the power of any one to show what was the original color which he gave to our species ? Facts and analogies all tend to the con. elusion that it was not white. Yet, we have set this up as'our standard, assuming that every other color is a mark of deformity and degradation! The colored people in this country are emphati. , ,', i mentaile e xtent d,o„e's prejudice agai:n„s„t, color exist and who profess to love their neighbor as in tlie minds of abolitionists, that in more than one or two instances have the opposers, both among Christian bnethren and the world's people, been themselves, to be actively and zealously engaged in ern trade. Colonization has quite a strong hold j cally the poor of the land. They have been rob. there too, Doct. Skinner lectured on that subject | bed and despoiled of their rights, ever since their six evenings not long since, and finally succeeded | fathers set foot upon our shores. They are now ' trodden down, despised, and cast out of society. The road to elevation and improvement is dosed against them. They are debarred even from the house of God, unless they will submit to an indig. nity which God has forbidden to be exerci^d to-wards the poor man in vile raiment." Let us now hear what God snys respecting those who flius treat the poor; • The wicked in hia pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices which they have imagined.* What an awful malediction ! Let those who seek to tram, pie in the dust the poor colored man, think of this and take warning. ' For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will 1 arise, saith the Lord ; I will set him in safety from him that piiffeth at him.'' How many, who are regarded as Christians, puff at the black man's claim to equal Christian privileges! 'He shall judge ihe pour of the people, he shall save the chil. drcn of the needy, and shall break in piecea the in forming a Society. Tliis communication is becoming so long that I must content myself with barely mentioning the other towns. In Saybrook the ministers are with us, and the cause quietly gaining ground. At Westbrook they had organized a Society of more than sixty members the week before I visited them. The minister is favorable. At Clinton the pastor is a decided abolitionist, but the friends of the cause are few, and no efforts have yet been made to or. ganize a Society. I did not attempt to hold meet, ings for lack of time. In Killingworth there is no Society, and but few decided friends of the slave. In Durham there are a number of ardent and in-ttUigent abolitionists, but they have yet taken no measures to form a Society. I think they will at. tend to that matter soon. I distributed more or «88 publications in almost every town, and organ, ize'd a number of Cent Societies. I have now passed rapidly over the several towns in the county. In view of all, I must say we have! uppresttor.' Is he not an oppressor, who seeks to reason to take courage and be of good cheer. If' deprive a man of a respectable seat in God's house ? the friends of the slave will exert themselves—will! What would a white man think of the Christians be willing to expend a Httle more time and a littlejof Abyssinnia, if, on going into their congrcga. more money for the advancement of the cause, I j lions, he should find a wall of separation between have no doubt that the time is near when Middle-j himself and the rest of the worshippers, because beside the most advanced i of his white skin ? Then let the white man, who the cause of immediate eniancipation—the only I sister counties. There is now, at least one • would thrust the negro into a corner, fear Him who remedy now offered for the sin. Anti-Slavery Society in every town in the county heard to brand ashypoeritessomeofthetirstmem. ^^^ recent course wh.ch many but three, and out ot nineteen parishes there are Lers of our Society, aSd distinguished in the Church If, » ^ T n'f' for zeal and pietv. WWKhanft ?• Tmnui.sstt aa mmaann,. «griifft,e«dd,. ' '"S .. , . -. aug- u,r s well for their in. succeeds in winning the affecdons of a white girl,! . That the late attempts to subvert the and leads her to t L h y m e n i a l a l t a r , b e s a c r i f i c e d i cause, by opposing voluntary assoc. upon the gallows b e c a L God, his maker, gave I inconsistent and disorganizing m their hfm dark skin ? And yet an abolitionist-line of; A. S. Societies in all but six. Yours, as ever, W. L. W I L S O N. Middletown, March 15, 1839. mm a uurK. bkiii J ^hu yci on u u u i n w i i i o i — ; Christ the first to enlist in the cause, and a zealous ad vo-l ,rL„ . ' ^ j i .u » -o cate of its great principles, declared to me his wish I „ ^ '"ee/" g was addressed by the Rev. Francs that it was the law of the land to hang white or! Colebrook, and the resolntions advoca- Wack, who should presume to offer his or her hand in marriage to one of a different color. Such ex. urbitant expressions are unqualifiedly detestable; they are not consistent with our profes8ion,and ought never more to como from the mouth of an aboli. tionist. Nor is this all, my brethren, about which I complain,—a number of you have been heard to utter feelings and make declarations like the fol. lowing, viz: I don't believe in their mixing together in society, and I am not going to have the colored man at my table, or at the fireside with my family, nor yet in my slip at church. Are these facts ? They are; and why is it? Well now, my brethren, can we reasonably expect to be called any thing short of hypocrites ? You may think me too se-vere, but when I see such sins in my brethren I feel bound to reprove. We must be consistent, or all that we do, or all that we say, will be but as casting mfluence into the treasury of our opposers to help them build up the strong hold of Satan which we have been laboring to demolish. O! this pre. judice, this prejudice! As Mr. Birney well said, the South will believe Northern abolitionists to be hypocrites until they treat free colored people irre. xpective of color. Nor even yet, my brethren, have I done complaining; but wish the task was over. Worse things than I have mentioned, and more detrimental to the cause, if possible, have been thrown out by abolitionists. Such, for in-stance, as the following. As strong an abolition, ist as I am, I believe it the best thing we can do with the slaves, to do by them as government has done with the Indians. Just provide a portion of our territory, then emancipate them, and say to with abihty and effect; and although the audience was small, yet there is great cause for encourage-ment from the reports of delegates and the una-nimity of feeling expressed, and the determination to adhere to principles. D. G. P L A T T , Secretary. Washington, April 4, 1839. From our Afreni* (Concluded) From Chester I crossed to Hadlyme and lectur-ed two evenings. Found a small Society compos-ed of good and substantial men. At our first meeu ing the house was filled to repletion; there were fewer present at the second on account of a storm. The congregations were inteUigent, orderly, and attentive. On the second evening a few lawless young men came around the house and two large stones were thrown, one of which passed through the window and struck a female upon the head, but produced no serious injury. I know of no par. ish in the county where I think A. S. labor can be expended with a better prospect of success than in Hadlyme, and had circumstances permitted, ' should have been pleased to have complied with the request of our friends, to deliver two or three more Icctures. The minister is not an aboUtionist. From Hadlyme I called at MiUington. There was an interesting revival in progress at that time, and the evenings occupied by religious meetings, so I promised to visit them again, but was prevent, ed by the badness of the travelling and the impos. sibility of crossing the river at the time when I de- Froiu the Negro Pew. DistinctionM in tite house of God UnMcripturat. ' If there come unto your nwembly a man with a gold has declared that he will ' break in pieces the op. pressor.' But, listen again, to the mandate of Jehovah: • God standeth in the congregation of the mighty: how long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persona of the wicked?* Is it not judging un-justly, to despise the negro, on account of his color ? Is it not accepting the persons of the widked, to give the most honorable seals in the house of God to rich worldlings, while the colored man, though ring, in goodly apparel; and there come in also a poor he may be an humble follower of Jesus, is shut up inuu, in vile raiment; and ye liave reopect to him that in a box, contemptuously styled the negro pew ? weareth the gay clotiiing, and soy unto him, s t thou here, ill a good place; and say to tiie poor, stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool: Are ye not then partial in yaurselves, and are become judges of evil tliouglits? Hearken, my beloved bretliren. Hath not God ctiosen the poor of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he bath promised to them which love him ? But ye have despised the poor 1 If ye fulfil the royal Inw, according to the Scripture, Thou shall love thy aeigiibor us thyself, ye do well: But if ye have respect to persons, ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.'—JAMKS ii, 3—6, 8, U. The following principles are plainly deduced from the passage above quoted, viz: 1. We are not to regard or treat men according to their outward appearance. Whether this ap. pearance, or outward show, which takes our fan. cy, be a»gold ring and goodly opparel,' or a white skin and features and proportions which suit our taste; or, on the other hand, whether it be poverty and vile raiment, or an ebony colored skin and African features, which displease us; it makes no diflerence: the principle is the same. If a man is not to be despised, on account of his inle rai. ment, why should he be, on account of his dark akin? We have already shown that this color is of itself no mark of degradation. It is very prob. able that proud worldlings and fashionable Chris, tiana would feel as much repugnance to being seat, ed by the side of a ' poor man in vile raiment,' us they manifest to being placed in similar relations to the man with a black skin and woolly hair. It is not that his being thus near them, is so repulsive j for they feel no such aversion to the presence of a black waiter, even though he stand at their elbows at the public table. But their dignity is offended at the idea of being placed on a level with ne. But the Lord commands us to ' Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy;' and 'he will maintain the cause of the afflicted, and the right of the poor.' Again he says, ' Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also ahall cry himself, but ahall not he heard.* Has not the cry of the poor colored man come up to us ? Hear him plead his cause : ' We do not ask you to break down any of the rules of society. Treat us just according to our moral worth, and nothing more. We want you to treat us us honest people. Leave us the same chance to hnd our level in society that other men have.'* If the church stops her ears at this cry, which is*coining up from every quarter of our land, will the Lord answer her prayers ? Has he not, even now, a controversy with the American church ? Where are now those extensive revivals which once shed their refreshing and genial influ. ence over the length and breadth of our land ? What could the church do more calculated to grieve the Holy Ghost, than to adopt a regulation which operates to exclude any class of the poor from the house of worship ? And how can her prayers be answered, while she refuses to hear the cry which culls for the admission of the colored man upon equal privileges. Again, it is written, 'He that oppresseth the poor, reproacheth his Maker.' And why ? Be. cause the Lord is the Maker of the poor; and to despise the work of his hands, is to reproach him fur what he has made. But has he not made the •Speech of Bev. T. S. Wright.
|Title||Charter Oak, 1839-04|
|Uniform Title||Charter oak (Hartford, Conn. : 1838)|
|Subject||Slavery -- United States -- Newspapers; Antislavery movements -- United States -- Newspapers; Hartford (Conn.) -- Newspapers|
|Description||Frequency: Monthly; Publication dates: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 1838)-; Weekly ed.: Christian freeman (Hartford, Conn.)|
|Creator||Charter oak (Hartford, Conn. : 1838)|
|Contributors||Connecticut Anti-Slavery Society|
|Collection||Newspapers of Connecticut|
|Source - Location||Connecticut State Library microfilm, AN104.H3 C63|
|Relation||Other editions available:Christian freeman (Hartford, Conn.) --(DLC)sn 84025778 -- (OCoLC)10657256|
|Relation-Is Part Of||Series title:Anti-Slavery newspapers|
|Publisher||Hartford [Conn.]: Connecticut Anti-Slavery Society|
|Rights||Digital Image © Connecticut State Library. All rights reserved. Images may be used for personal research or non-profit educational uses without prior permission. For permission to publish or exhibit, see Reproduction and Publication of State Library Collections, http://www.cslib.org/repropub.htm|
VOL. I. F R E E P R I N C I P L E S - F R E E M E N —
April,] PUBLISHED BY THE CONNECTICUT
F R E E S P E E C H - A N D A F R E E P R E S S . NO. 14.
ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY, HARTFORD. [1839.
T H E CHARTER OAK is published on the third
Wednesday of each month, at No. 7, Asylum st.,
Hartford, at the following prices, to be paid in all
cases in advance:
1 copy, . . . 50 cents per annum.
20 copies, . . . 5 dollars •• "
50 copies, . . . 10 dollars »
100 copies, - . . 1 7 dollars «• "
To single subscribers, who tike their papers at
die Office, tweaty-five cents.
All orders and communications for the OAK,
ehould be addressed to S . S . COWLES, Hartford.