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• i j Q i t P U B U S R E D BY WILLIAM H. BUBLEIGH. mo MT STATB s m E T . MAKXTOBS. o o m . T E R M S . Two UoLi^a r u frm whkk Fifty Cenli will be d^uctad if paid •trietljr in advaiiM. Two doUan to City Sabacribeia, who noai** dM npur bjr the Catrier. oqpiea, FODB Clim. No diCHCDaa wi!! ba paid upon Eichaacca, Uailjr •r Weekly. No p*per disoominuM til att amangea are paid, . . at the ootfonof the Publisher. A Letten am Communications most be ad- MCATED to the Publidier, 0 7 PM( Paid. Cori tspondents will be peimitted to ipeak their •wn aeni'tnents (howerer widely differing from oois) •pon their own responsibility—on these i»nditions, that they o u t i ^ neither decency, good ElngUsh, nor gsod taste, and give their names to the Publisher. This last we laquira for oar own ««ti»f«ction—not W the public. TERMS OF •DVERTISne. •OTBKTISCUKTS will bs iascited at tha follow- •giatas: Far OBS aqnan, or 20 Unas, three weeks, §1 00 ** Cuntinuance each insertion, 20 " ' T n lines or half aquate, three weeks, 63 * CsBtinnsnee eacn insertioa, 10 OM aqoaie a year, • 10 00 ** Oa aqtHM a year with privilsfe «f nhiinlin "PC in three wsih IS 00 AN ANTI-SLAVERY FAMILY NEWSPAPER, rtOBMIAL. P K ! i r c i P i . E 8 — P U R P o i i i i t The CHAETBS OAK, wauld torve BBB by aiMiif-ing the CaAam ov n a R i a n s ih>a tha gMsp of Tyranny, b ia a Fraa Papar,—not dieiMoM- a ekannel <iir aH bahUe-bat what it wdoU s ^ , it wUl ssy freal^. It will stand in defense of ill right, bowatfr lowly and downtrodden, and throw raimka into the face of all wrong, waethsr in parpia aufi DniadRlolh, or in rags and squalor. Yet, though >t toites the sin, it will not hats the sinner. It wiJ ha chiefly devoted to the e»iue of LIBBBTT, al vnrating indcfondent political action against Slara ly, but it wn< wear the collar of no Party. It will aim to make whole, not demolish Goramment,—la wrest its seeptia fitom the hands of opprasaan, not to break it. It would not put a fire-oiand to Chursk ami State, to purily them,—but spare tiie tempi* while it route the renain that are thronging them. l.lTnATtTBS, of a hearty, manly sort, will ha*a its place here, with all that tends toward human elara tiun. MTe shall seek not to divorca the spirit of Pro-gress from the sense of Beauty—but rather aim la we<l Refinement to Reform—not forgetting, howevai^ tu use the acuurge when high-handed wiekadnaaa ahall demand il: Passing ETents and fixed Priaai pica, the transient News, and the eternal Lawa, shal fiml a record in our Paper; and eTerything whick Imnest endearor, good will and aoeaa eipeiiea— ean do, will be attempted, to maka h welcoma to im ffienda, a blessing to HumaaitT. and to ouisal»ea k neaaa of an honaaCliralihood. NEW SERIES. HARTFORD, CONN., THURSBiY, APRIL 13, 1848. VOL. III. NO. 15. rn)« followiDg excelleot aiticle is from tbc i rfev^Md (OhioJ True DeoMrnt—an inde- ; pendent Whig paper, edited by E. S. Ham- | li a, fortnerl V a member of Congren, fiom Ohio. ' • > £ D . CH. OAK.] UNITY OF THE PARTY. We often bear it remarked, and see it put forth in rweoluUons, that there is no hope for the country, but in the united ef-forts of the whole Whig party. Those believing this to be the case, are continu-ally putting forth their efforts to find a candidate on whom the whole party can unite. They will avow good principl^ but you cannot get them to say they will not support men for oflSce unless they are in favor of those principles. The fact is, for the sake of the party, they are willing to support men who are diametrically op-posed to the prindples they advocate, that is, providing they are nominated. This feeling is confined to Notthem Whigs. You cannot find any such ditugh- /ace«/n«M at the South. There they do not hesitate to pledge themselves, that they will support no man unless true to Southern interests. The Tennessee Whigs have even gone so far as to declare that they will not go into a Nationd Whig Convention to nomniate a candidate for Prendent — that G«n. Taylor shall be their candidate at all events, but they have appointed delegates to help the North se-lect a doughface for Vice President!— Southern men can do this—they can vote against the tariff—they can declare that they will not support any man who is not true to the 'Peculiar Institution:' they ^an fix upon their candidate, and declare they will support no other—^they can even refuse to go into a National Convention to select a candidate for President—and yet they are caUed good Whigs—'Our South-em brethren.' But if we declare that we will not support a mas unless he is true to the intereste of freedom—to Northern interests, we are denounced as tnutors, as not being Whig, and must be 'read out of the party.' Uidty of the party! The Southern Whigs are bent on building up and ex-tending slavery, and there can be no un-ion on any terms other than the Northern Whigs support such candidates as will aid in this work. Will they do it ? We shall was a time when we had confi-dence in Southern Whigs, and believed that they look-d upon slavery as an evil, and did not desire to perpetluate or ex-tend it. But when we heard their repre-sentatives in Congress defend the in>titu-tion of slavery, and when we saw Texw annexed by the aid of Southern Whig votes, and found that as fast as a vote was needed it was obtained among Southern Whigs, we made up our mind that where slavery was concerned, there was no diff-erence between Southern Whigs and So, Democrats—that neither the Constitu-tion, nor the obligations of party, would restrain either from advandn^he interests of that institution. We do not mean to V say that all Southern Whigs are of this class, but we do say, that those who are as few and far between as 'angel's visits.' At that time we made up our mind,and 60 expressed it, there could be no more political union between the Southern Whigs and tmt Northern Whigs, and that for our part we would identify our inter-ests exclusively with the intereste of free-dom, and would not waver a h^r-breadth for the sate of union. The Northern Whigs cannot vote with the Southern Whigs at the next Presidential election, unless they first abandon all principle. One thing is certain. The Southern Whigs have taken their stand. They will vote for no man who is opposed to the ex-tension of slavery; nor will they vote for any Northern man for President. There is not a Whig paper at the South that mentions the name of any man for Pres-ident except Taylor, and Clay. If the ^Tiigs of the North vote with those of the South, they will have to vote for both a Southern man, and one not in favor of making new Territory free- Will the Whigs of the North do it ? Some dough-faces will, but the great body of them will not We know that there are many good Whigs who think that we can succeed in nominating Corwin or McLean, or some other good Northern Whig opposed to the exlmsion of slaveiy, and that the Southern Whigs will supjiort the nomination. It is undoubtedly the duty of Northern Whigs to unite and make a powerful efforts to se-cure the nomination of a Northern man, true to the interestsf o freedom. Perhaps they may succeed; but should they, we tell our friends that if they expect South-em Whig votes to elect such a Udw't,they will find tliemselves mistaken. If the Northern Whigs nominate such a ticket, the Southern Whigs will go off in a body •nd vote for Gen. Taylor as an indepen-dent candidate. But we should stand firm, united, and demand onr rights. WUl we ? We few not. The whole united Whig vote of the Sooth will be given in CionventioD for Gen. Taykv. Twenty-six votes from the free States will nomin-ate him. Can thej be <4itained ? We believe they wiU be. Iowa has already •ent foor Taykw delegates. lUinois wiU Mndfiveorsix. Indiana two or three,and Hit baluice will be foaiid,we fear, in Penn-sylvania, New Jersey, New Ytjrk, Con-necticut, Massachusetts and Maine. We have already siud, that if a true Northern man shall be nominated, the Southern Whigs will go off and support an independent candidate, trae to their in-terests. Should the Southern Whigs suc-ceed and nominate a Southem man with Southern principles, will the Northern Whigs show the same spirit ? Or will they bow down to slaveiy ? As sure as they yield, their days are numbered in the free States. They ought to ponder well on the crisis before them, and prepare for independent action. To this they must come at last. Is it wisdom to be closing our eyes to what is coming ? Let not the 7th day of June find Northern Whigs sleeping 'without any oil in their lamps.' Where shall we find a leader, should we act independent* Let not the friends of freedom be alarmed. The God of Lib-erty will provide a sacrifice to be offered up upon the altar of Freedom. And per-adventure, the knife will be stayed, and he that we think to sacrifice will be made the instrament of building up a nation of freemen, who shall ever worship at the al-tar of Liberty. From the Ladies' Wreath. THE STUDENT OF TARSUS. BT CLEMENT E. BABB. Along the banks of the Cydnus a boy was wandering alone. There was no lec-ture that day in the school of Crysippus the philosopher. It was a high festival in honor of Jupiter Capitolinus—^and wo to the provincial <aty which worshipped not the gods of the world's mistress! The trumpets were sounding loud and triumph-antly from the marble portico of the tem-ple. The priests were preparing the gar-landed victims for the sacrifice. The crowd were throning every approach to the sacred enclosure, and shouting th« praises of the *Sire of (Sods.* In those rolls which had been heirlooms for centn-ries in his father's house, the boy had read about the living and trae God, and he could not bear to see men offer sacrifice to a monster of their own imaginations— a deified compound of their vices and their passions. His taste, which had been cul-tivated by the study of the purest Gredan models, and his faith, which he had learn-ed from his mother in infancy, and which had been nourished by the wonderful his-toiy of hb nation, both hurried him away from that gorgeous but unmeaning spec-tacle. In^gnation was flashing from his eyes as he climbed along the ravine, through which the stream came down the mountun; but, the murmur of the water, and the music of the wind as it swept through the cedar groves, calmed his spir-it ; and when he stood on the brow of the ascent, and looked eastward upon Mount Taurus as it stretched away in the dis-tance, with many of its proud heads crown-ed by the goi^eous clouds of an Oriental morning; then turned westward, to gaze upon the Mediterranean, whose waves dashed as restlessly as those of the ocean, while the hills and plains of Cypras slept in calm beauty on ite troubled breast, he forgot aH about the city, and thought only of God. The granite peak of Horeb seemed to rise before him. Jehovah had come down upon it; the clouds which are his pavilion, were hung thick about it,and thunderings, and lightnings, and the sound of a mysterious trumpet in the fur, and the wreathing of smoke up from the dark summit, attested the presence of the in-visible Deity. Beneath his tread the whole mountain quaked; and, while the people trembled and adored, forth from the earthquake, the darkness, and the tem-pest, came two tables of stone, on which God's finger had engraved the law. That law so pure, so far ahove the utmost effort of human reason—sublime as the charac-ter of its Author, and eternal as the mind from which it came—was given to his na-tion. It was their peculiar treasure, their, guide, and their glory. With what gratitude, pride, and awe did the young Jew muse that moming, afar on that lonely hill top, upon the Je-hovah of his fathers! He was weary of the vague conjectures and the fanciful theories of the Greek philosophers. He wanted to rest on firmer ground, and to study in the light of a clearer revelation. The Attic and Ionian epics, lyrics, and tragedies, though full of melody, were al-so full of folly; they could not satisfy the trathful longings of his spirit. He want-ed to drink in the heaven-inspired num-bers of David and Isaiah. He wanted to be not among die many gods of a dreamy Olympus, but with the One ever-living and trae, who had stood upon Sinai, and whose throne was the drcuit of the heav-ens. The student's home was one of luxury and honor, yet he felt that he was a stranger in that heathen dty. His heart burned within him as he saw it wholly given up to idolatry. He thought of Mt. Moriah, with its glorious temple, its sol-emn and God-appointed sacrifices—of the schools of Jero^em, in which *the Law, the Prophets, and the Psalms,' were stud-ied, whose professors were GU>d's inter-preters— of that holy city, eveiy thing about which was vocal with the name and the praise of the Lord of Hosts. He tamed his eager and passionate gaze wnthward, and breathed out in a sigh of intense desire— All day, that Jewish boy wandered among the hills of Cilicia, in meditation^: as solemn and sublime as those which thrilled the hearts of the prophets of old; and not until the sun sank in the sea, did he turn into a path which led back to 1'arsus. The Jewish merehant passed slowly through the crowd, which yet thronged the streets: and though way was made for him with ceremonious respect, and ma-ny greetings fell on his ear, he scarcely noticed them, for he was in deep thought. The merchant and the student met at the door. 'Where hast thou been to-day, my son ? I have not seen thee since eariy dawn. Wast thou not present at the sacrifice ?' •No, father: I have spent the day among the hills, gazing on 'Tarsus and the sea—thinking about Horeb and the law, Jerasalem and God.' 'Didst thou not wish to see the flamens' grand procession, and hear the poet He-mocles' new hymn to Jove ?' 'Nay, father, I am a Jewish boy, and cannot bear to look upon this senseless homage to a marble g ^ ! Oh, I have heard from thee so much about the holy city of thy birth—of its solemn festivals— of its hi^h priests, who stand before the ark of God—that I think by day, and dream by night, of that dwelling-place of Jehovah, and long, oh, how I long, to gaze upon its walls, to tread its streets, and to worship in its sanctuary I' 'Saulus, I had thought to make thee,like myself, a prosperous merchant. I have dwelt among the Gent les many years,and the God of Abraham has given me favor in their sight. I have grown rich by traffic with them, as King Solomon did. But I have long noticed, that thy soul ab-hors them: thou canst not live and trade with them. I have thought much upon this, and have resolved to send thee to study the law of our fathers in Jerusalem. Wilt thou go, my son V •Mostgladly, father; for as the Cyd-nus runs to the sea, BO flows my heart to-wards Jerasalem. Has not he, who chose our nation and has kept us so long a pe-culiar people, made it the dwelling-place of his glory ? And then too the time of Messiah's coming draweth nigh. The weeks of the prophets are fulfilled, and even the philosophers in Atliens and in Rome expect the advent of a Messenger from Heaven. How glorious to be in the holy city when the Holy One descends to avenge his elect, to destroy his enemies, and he rule over the kingdoms of the earth!' . 'Well, my vessel sails for Alexandria after the second Sabbath. Thou wilt em-bark in her. She will land thee at the pier of Joppa; there thou wilt join the companies which go up to keep ^ e pHss-over. Thou wilt not find in the holy city all that splendor of which thou hast read in the rolls of the Kings and in the Chron-icles ; for, alas! there is dimness now up-on Moriah, and the Roman legions are in the castie of David. But thou art a Ro-man citizen; thy father years ago obtain-ed that freedom by good service to the proconsul Cicero. Hfemember it; it may avail thee much in times of peril—^for wide through the world is the terror of the Roman name. My friend Gamaliel is one of the Great Council: he will instract thee in the law and the traditions of the elders.' We will not follow the student in his voyage along the western coast of Syria. He l^ded at Joppa, and joined a caravan of those who were going up from thence to the feast. From every village that they passed, and from every road and path, new tributaries flowed in to swell the stream. When on the second day they reached the gate of the city, the whole multitude burst forth at once into that magnificent choras: 'How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord or Uostsj My soollongeth, yea, even fainteih, for the courts of the Lord! My heart and my flesh crieth oat for the living God!' As thousands joined in the song until it was echoed from the walls and rever-berated far among the hills; and as Jeru-salem (thronged on Morialt and Zion, and hallcwed by the most sublime associations) burst on the sight, the student was affect-ed even to tears. The following paschal week was full of interest, and his heart beat high and proudly as he saw the wor-shippers of Jehovah coming up from all lands with precious gifts and shoute of joy- When Ae feast was over, he commenc- .ed his stupes in the school of G^aliel. He was soon distinguished above all the pupib of that famous master, by his ar-dent love for trath, the vigor and grasp of his mind, and the energy of his character. One evening, as he was passing through the temple, he saw an unusual crowd in one of the porches. He drew near: in the midst of the crowd stood a man in the dress of a Gralilean peasant; his arm was extended, as he cried simply, but most impressively: 'Lift up yonr heads, 0 ye gates I And be ye lift np, ye everlasUng doors! And the King of Gkiiy shaU come in! 'Who is tha King of dory 7 The Lord, strong aud luightyt The Lord, mighty in batde!' 'Lift np your heads, O ye gates! Even lift them up, ye everlasting doors ! And tbe King of Glory shall come in!' 'Now is the judgment of this world; now shall the prince of this world be cast out; and /, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.' 'Ah !' thought the student, 'this then is Jesus, tbe false prophet from Nazareth. This is he who tries to excite the people against our sect, and to subvert the tradi-tions which so many wise men have be-lieved in and taught:' and he passed on, with a sneer upon his lip. Next day the Jewish teacher met his pupil with a pale face and clouded brow. 'My son,' he said, 'we live in fearful times. Our city has become so used to violence and tumult, that a breath can agitate it; and the ralers, who should calm the pub-lic mind, are ever first and fiercest in ex-citement; their pulse is more feverish than that of the crowd. Here comes np from Galilee, one giving out that he is a prophet from €U)d. He ridicules our tra-ditions, he utters bitter things against the scribes and pharisees, and they, stung to madness by an enthusiast's pratings, and by the rabble shouts of admiration, must summon the Grand Council, and decree to seek his death. As if our learning and our laws could be affected by his denun-ciation, or the Jewish Sanhedrim endan-gered by a Galilean peasant! Besides, he acts not like a wicked or ambitious man; he discourages strife and bloodshed; his morality is for the most part pure and true: he exposes some abuses which de-serve to be held up to public scorn; and, barring his high pretensions, which seem more like the dreams of a disordered brain than either treason or impiety, he is a use-ful man, and, like him who baptized in the Jordan three or fimr years ago, he does much for the reformation of the populace. To seek his death, is cowardly apd atuel.' 'But, Rabba, he calls himself Messias; he claims to be the Shiloh who is to come —nay, even the Son of the living Grod! This is a fearful blasphemy! and for this he should die!' 'Nay, my son—Jehovah can avenge himsefr! He has always done so when false prophets have arisen, and deceived the people in his name. Remember how Matthias and Judas of Galilee perished. We should not judge rashly, or condemn with excited minds, lest when ve seem jealous for God's honor, we be fighting against him. But, the deed is done. The soldiers have already gone to seize him. The rabble are stirred up to relentless fu-ry. They will extort his condemnation from the timid governor, and he will be put to death!' 'Let him die, as the prophets of Baal died!' shouted the student, while his dark eye flashed and his whole frame trembled with indignation; and forth he rashed to mingle in the crowd, and swell the fierce cry, 'Crucify him!' which rang through that dreadful night. He was full of zeal for God, and verily thought that he ought to do many things contrary to that meek man, whom the mocking soldiery had dressed in a faded purple robe, and crown-ed with thorns. « * * * * The student, who left Tarsus an enthu-siastic boy, returns there when forty win-ters have cooled his blood. Much in that time has he seen and suffered. He has sacrificed to Jehovah on Mount Moriah. He has mocked Christ upon the cross.— He has met the same Jesus whom he per-secuted, on the brow of the hill which overlooks Damascus. He has received a revelation from him in the winds of Ara-bia. He has preached him as the promis-ed Messiah—the Son of God—both in Damascus and in Jerusalem. He has mingled, when last in the holy city, not as before with the pharisees and the rulers, but with the fishermen of Gtalilee, and been enrolled among the apostles of Je-sus of Nazareth. He has endured re-proach and persecution. He has escaped death only by flight. And now he comes in the meridian of manhood to re-visit the scenes of his youth, to tell there of the treasure of grace which he has found—of the Savior who indeed has come—whom he himself has seen. With wonder the gray-haired Jewish merchant listens to his son, as he proves from the prophets that it was necessary Christ should suffer.— With new and transporting emotions does the aposUe climb the Cilician hills, and gaze upon the mountains, the river, and the sea—^for his Savior is the world's Creator. His spirit still burnt within him, as he beholds the idolatry of his native city; but it is now not more with indigna-tion, but with sorrow. Those doubtless were happy years which the converted pharisee spent amid scenes which were hallowed by the memories of his child-hood ; and there, perhaps, he hoped to live, until he should depart to be with Christ. But, God was preparag a great work for him, and was preparing hint, by that seclusion and that grand scenery, for the work. One evening, a venerable stranger en-ters Tarsu^i by the southern gate, inquires for th» house of the Jewish merchant,and is soon clasped in the arms of the mer-chant's son. 'Welcome to Tarsus, my brother^ I 'thank Grod that my eyes see thee once more. I oflen think of thy love to me in the gospel, and how, when all were afraid of the converted persecutor, thou didst take him by the hand and lead him to the apostles.' 'I have come a weary way to seek thee brother SauL Tbe Lord, who met thee in tbe wi^, has sent me. Thy work at length is ready. The Gentiles receive the word, and thou art their apostle.' 'How! what sayst thou, Baraabas? The Gentiles believe ? Where ?—when ?' 'In Antioch. Some of the brethren fleeing thither from the persecution, spake to the Grecians of the name of Christ; and lo! these careless sparks kindled a flame. The Holy Ghost fell on them as on us at the feast. The apostles hearing it, sent me to them, and I have come for thee: for traly thb is the work to which the Lord has called thee.' '1 have often mused upon those words of the Lord to the prophet Ananias, 'to bear my name before the Gentiles.' I knew not what they meant, but now I see it clearly. We have then a salvation not for Jews only, but for all mankind. We may fling abroad our banner on every shore—^may call on every human spirit to believe and live. It is a glorious thought! —^a duty arduous, but sublime! I will go with you, not doubting that God has summoned me to preach the gospel to the Gentiles.' While the sun next morning wns rising over Mt. Taurus, Saul went forth from his native city — from the home of his child-hood— to be a messenger of glad tidings over contintints and unto millions—to en-* dure for Christimprisonments, scourgings, slonings, shipwreck, and martyrdom at las(—to present the first and the noblest example of a Christian missionary—and, by his labors and his writings, to bless the world as no other ip*" tiju ever blessed • ^ GREAT MEN. God has made some great and others little. The use of the great men is to serve the little men, to take care of you and me. This is tbe christian rule. It is not the Hebrew rule, nor the heathen rule, but only tbe christian rule. Perhaps greatnp.s8 is always the same thing in kind, only diflering in mode and form as well as degree. A great man has more of human nature organized in him than we have.— So far as that goes, therefore, he is more perfectly me than I am myself, and I feel that superiority in all my intercourse with , him. In kind, we are the sai|ie ; in de- • gree diflerent. We find in society, as in nature, individuals for convenience sake are put in classes, accordingly we find sev-eral classes of great men corresponding to the several modes and forms of greatness, i It is well lo look at these before we ex-amine a special man, for this will make it easier to judge him and see what he is worth. Only let me say that service is the practical test of practical greatness. He who does the greatest service to man, is the greatest man. That, also, is not the Hebrew, nor the heathen, nor the com-mon, but only the christian rule. The first class of great men is of the great discoverers ; men that discover orig-iaal principles, great ideas,univer8al laws, correct methods of thought and action.— Here, it seems to me.are the greatest of all men, and tha vastness of their genius must be measured by the trancendancy of their truth, by the newness of the idea, by its practical value, and by the dif. ficulty of grasping it at the time when they discovered it. In literature, these are the men that orig. ioate thoughts, and embody them in orig-inal foims. In philosophy you meet with men of this stamp and they are the great men of philosophy. Thus Socrates dis-covered the philosophical method which distinguished his school. Thus Newton discovered the great law of gravitation, the universal law of nature. We find such men among the politicians also, who discovered the laws of God which bear the same relation to Society, which the law of gravitation bears to the orbs of heaven, and to the dust of the earth, men who discover the just rales in politics.— You find such men in religion, men who discover traths so central, that sectarian-ism shrinks before their light; who have discovered the true method of religion ;— who have discovered the law which binds man to man, and man to his God. To my mind this is the highest form of Great-ness. Here is a class of discovering men, who give truths at first hand—traths of literature, philosophy, politics and reli-gion ; and these are the greatest of all God's children. The next class consists of such as or-ganize these traths,' methods, ideas and laws. They apply philosophy to practi-cal purposes. Thqr concretize the ab> street. They particularise the universal. They organise these laws into the shape of a railroad, so that trath becomes &et. They organise love into families, justice into a sUte, piety into its suitable forms. They take the power uf love, of wisdom, of religion, and organise them into com-mon life, making humanity, society. This organizing genius is a very great one. It is a great thing for a man to spread his thought upon the soil, and make that soil • whiten with bread-corn for man. It is a great thing for a man to spread his tho't out upon the rivers of New England,mak-ing them spin and weave for the human race. It is a great thing to organize fire and water into a new instrument to do man's bidding, to organize the very light-nings of heaven, so that they may run man's errands from town to town. But a higher degree of this mode of greatness is shown in organizing men.— It is a higher degree uf greatness &r a man to spread out his thought en mankind, and put men into true relations with one an-other and with Gud, to organize truth, jus-tice, wisdom, love and purity, and balance the conflicting forces of a nation, so ttiat each man has his natural ability, justly to exercise his natural rights,as if he were the only man, and yet lives in society, and re-ceives pleasure and advantage as if all converged towards that one point. It is great genius which can balance the cen-tripetal power of the Stale with the cen-trifugal power of you and me, and com-bine them into the same r}thmical harmo-ny, as God balances the orbs of heaven in those grand eclipses traceable through the skies. The greatest genius, the greatest organizing power, is therefore the genius for legislation, which can make justice law, and organize religion into common custom. It need not be disguised any where that politics are the highest busi-ness, that a great statesman is the very brightest example of organic skill. It re-quires some head to organise nme and thir-ty clerks in a shop;—how much more to organize twenty millions of men and wo-men, not for a special purpose, but for all tbe ends of human life. "This second class of men consists of organizers who found the institutions of the world, little and great. There is a third class of men, capable only of administering and managing these institutions after they are founded."^ M^ho do this efiectually, even eminently, v re-quires no genius for original organiz^ton, and still leas an original genius for diabov-ering traths outright. It requires only a knowledge of details, a familiarity with methods, a knowledge of routine, an ac-quaintance with the past, and with present times, a knowledge of men. These men are not discoverers,they are not organizers; they are administrators and managers, and the difference between these two I will not now stop to point out. The ability of these men will consist in their knowledge of details, routine, methods and men.— They know the ropes and the soundings. They know how to take advantage of the wind and the tide. In the factory, in the shop or in the army, m church or in state, any where such men are valuable. You cannot do without them. They are the wheels of the carriage. They are always more numerous than any other class.— More are wanted and therefore bora.— The American mind rans constantly in this direction, producing great quantities of administrative men. These are not men of theories, of new thoughts, they are practical men, of facts and figures, not full of ideas, hut ranning over with precedents—common sense men—com-mon sense men too, who have not too much common sense to he understood now, and to be useful. Such men are ex-cellent statesmen, but only in ordinary times. In troublous times they get brush-led off by the organizers or discoverers.— Theodore Parktr. around the globe, throwing its billows on all shores, from the frozen north to the fair islands of the south, all is full of poe-try. The.mountain top and all its eternal snows are steeped in i t ; the deep valley is hushed in its enchantment. The great river rushes along in the might of poetry ; the little lowland brook, with the flowers dipping into it, hears its still small voice. The forest has it in its murmuring boughs, and its silent, shadowy heart. Where the clear blue air sweeps over mountain and moor, and brings to your gladdened heart the sounds of solitary life, there is poetry. Where ^mmer luxuriates with all her deep grass, her birds, and flowers, and humming bees, there broods the spirit of poetry. And where man dwells, poetrv dwells. It dwells with poverty, and ca-lamity, and ruin ; these are the materials of great souls for great themes. Where armies strive, and men drop weltering in agonies and death, there is poetry, because man dares destraction, and is sublime even in his sins. Where men strive in solitary places, or in the desperate contests of civ-ilized life, for power, for wealth, for the very lust of conquest, and in the violence of deadly hatred, there is poetry'; for pas-sions and power in their greatness have a grandeur, however perverted ; and out of these elements tragedies are created.— Love, jealousy, revenge, cannot be divest-ed of their atmosphere of poetry. Where the widow weeps, and the orphans droop in neglect, poetry wee|)s with them.' It becomes divine often in sorrow—and gen-erous sympathies have a poetry of tears. The past has its poetry of consecrated deeds and names—the future of magnifi-cent hopes. Religion is poetry, and poe-try religion. In our veneration, in our wonder over God's works ; in our grati-tude for his goodness, poetry is upon us, and about us—bears us up into the infin-ite ; gives emotions and words. It is that higher tone of the mind which brings it into sympathy with the best and most beau-tjful of everything in the universe. Fofe pervading all things. It is at once in ns around us, atiT'Snd^ alike in the interior " and exterior nature, food inexhaustible. THE POETRY OF LIFE. Poetry is that part of our nature, which diffused through every other part of it, de-lights in whatever is great, beautiful, and generous. It was well termed by the an-cients, the mm* £vimor—the diviner mind. That perhaps remains to be, afier all, its best and only definition. It min-gles itself with all our feelings and emo-tions ; it quickens our passions ; elevates our sentiments, and becomes 9I all these not only the life but the language. There is nothing in our life, or in any of its move-ments, that has not its electric fire ranning through it. Our rejoicings, our adorations, our woes, our loves, our very crimes and tyrannies, all have their poetry, which re-taining its own unchangeable properties, clothes them with their specific characters, giving beauty to the gentle, grandeur to the terrible. It is that which, though so intimately mingled with ourselves, is con-tinually lifting us out of ourselves, and giving us feelings and views as of a heav-en from whence it came ; revealing its origin by its tendency. Qidinary natures we term prosw, yet the very commonest and flattest mind at limes betrays its pres-ence— ceases to be prosaic, under some peculiar excitement, and we exclaim— "Why, you are quite poetical!'' Poetry is every where. It is the finer spirit which God has breathed over all hit creation. Wherever he is, there it is.— Tbe angels feel it, and worship. The world rolls on through space with all ite lands, its seas, its forests and mounuins, iu cities and innumerable people, one great mass of poetry before God. The stars have been beautifully termed tbe po-etry of heaven ; the flowers the poetry of earth. Where tbe ocean swells and gleams DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH. The business of the North is to get em-pire oyer nature, to obtain power over the material world; and so every thing tends to that. Young men of talents become merehants. They aim to make a fortune. They care nothing about political power, but that of pocket. To get empire over na-ture, we must have education;—not in -a few hands, but in all hands. Otherwise there is no intelligent hibor; and it is in-telligent and not brate labor, which gives power over nature. Men must be relig-ious. And so to secure intelligent labor, education must be universal, cufir^ un-iversal, property widely distributed. In the north see what examples of that see what increase of wealth and skill, sig-nificant of power. See our colleges, our factories, our schools, and our churches ; see the movements of conunerce, of maim-factures, of education. See t^e move-ments for the promotion of religion. All is democratic and is becoming more so. In the south they seek empire not over na-ture but over man. Talent tends not to trade but to politics. Young men of abil-ity go into the army, to the navy, to the public offices, or give themselves to poli-tics. They leara to manage men. A young man of the north acquires a fortune. A young man of the south, political influ-ence and favor. See the result of that. The north manages the trade, the com-meree, the manufactures of the landT It manages also its spiritual affairs, its mor-als, its education, its literature and science. The south manages its political affairs.— So all the Presidents but three have been southem men, and most of the public offi-cers. Each of the three Northern Pres-idents has failed to be re-elected, but has retired from public life with a large for-tune. The l^uth has had seven Presi-dents and four of them left office poormen. There is no accident in this, none at alL You behold in it tbe working of a law which is as universal as the law o£ gravi-tation. The little State of Rhode Island could produce organizing mind enough tooiyn*- ize the Potomac or the Missisdppi-^es, even the cataract of Niagara into s cotton mill, but the State of South Carolina can manage both the N(«th and the Soath,aiid make the whole nation turn its wheel*. So tbe South gives laws, because her chief men tum their hands to politics. It is so in peace, but in time of trouUe, convid-sion, revolution, like the old one, then joa see men of tall heads come up firooi the shops and farms of the N<»th, from ths offi^ the bank and the shoemaker's Aap. They are bom discoverers and (ngaoizers, the aristocraqr of God. They eome ap from every where and sit ia ^ oooneils of the nation, and contnd the state. Th« North made tbe Revolution. The Soatk maiie the ConstitntioD, and the Sootk breaks it just when it pleases. No Nwtk-era poUtidan ever bad moch iuflneoee the Soath. None has ever beea twiet elected fiv President. We think it a. graft thing QTen to get a N<»theni ibaas far
|Title||Charter Oak, 1848-04-13|
|Uniform Title||Charter oak (Hartford, Conn. : 1846)|
|Subject||Slavery -- United States -- Newspapers; Antislavery movements -- United States -- Newspapers; Hartford (Conn.) -- Newspapers|
|Description||Frequency: Weekly; Publication dates: New ser., vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 8, 1846)-v. 3, no. 52 (Dec. 28, 1848)|
|Collection||Newspapers of Connecticut|
|Source - Location||Connecticut State Library microfilm, AN104.H3 C63|
|Relation||Continues: Christian freeman (Hartford, Conn.) (DLC)sn 84025778 (OCoLC)10657256; Continues: Republican (Hartford, Conn.) (DLC)sn 84025785 (OCoLC)10703015|
|Relation-Is Part Of||Series title: Anti-Slavery newspapers|
|Publisher||Hartford [Conn.] : William H. Burleigh,|
|Rights||Digital Image © Connecticut State Library. All rights reserved. Images may be used for personal research or non-profit educational uses without prior permission. For permission to publish or exhibit, see Reproduction and Publication of State Library Collections, http://www.cslib.org/repropub.htm|
• i j Q i t
P U B U S R E D BY
WILLIAM H. BUBLEIGH.
mo MT STATB s m E T . MAKXTOBS. o o m .
T E R M S .
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npur bjr the Catrier.
oqpiea, FODB Clim.
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•pon their own responsibility—on these i»nditions,
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TERMS OF •DVERTISne.
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AN ANTI-SLAVERY FAMILY NEWSPAPER,
P K ! i r c i P i . E 8 — P U R P o i i i i t
The CHAETBS OAK, wauld torve BBB by aiMiif-ing
the CaAam ov n a R i a n s ih>a tha gMsp
of Tyranny, b ia a Fraa Papar,—not dieiMoM- a