Charter Oak, 1848-11-23 - Page 1
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PRBLISHLRD TIY WILLIAM H. BURLEIGH. mo n STATS STBBET, KABTFOBO. OOHH. TERMS. Two 1>0U.4KS PES AMKOH—Aom W-HICT. Cents will be detluctrd if pmid stiictlf in adranee. r«'o dollari to City Subschbets. who reoeiva the l<njier by the Carrini. copies, Fovc CINTS. So (Iiflerenca wi!! (>e paid upon ExettMUftM, Daily •r Weekly. No p>;ht diKContinuea tif. all arrearages a n paid, • at tlie notion of ll s Publisher. || . I^ettera anr. (KII. muniratiuns must be ad- «r«i>«l to tlie PuMi-iher, KT Pott Paid. Cor. "s(>ondpiitK w ill lie per nitted to t>|>eak their own scn. nirntx (lmwrv»r widr.y diflering fnwn ouni) upon tliPir own rrsfK>n»iliility—on these conditions, that they outiAsn: noitlier derencv, goojl KIIKIISII. nor HOod ta.ste, an,I pive tlieir names to the Publisher. This kst we reiniire for our jwn satisfmlion—not the public. TERMS OF ADVEKTISIKG. AdVBCTISEMBKTs n-iu be ' tsened at th« follow-!: ^ -r , -r-r ! A A NTT-?' Ti A V For one squan-, or 20 tines, thioe weeks, $l 00 i t 11. 1 1 J . J- JJ i t I Cuntinuanra eacli^insertion, - 20 * Ten hnes or ha'f^quare, three weeks, 63 " Continuance eaea insertion. 10, " One aiiuiirp a year, - - 10 OOIJ " Or ai|uare a year with privilege of | djuigin^' once in three weeks. 12 <)0|| KEAV SEJdES. TERMS OF THE CHARTER OAK. For Four Moi>lli<!—F.fiy cei«tR in advance. For S. I Jo. Seventy-live cl«. ill advance. For Eisht do. One dollar do. For one year, Wherc paytneiit is not made in advance, llie 8ii'><cri|>lion price will be §l-2.00 a year. C J T o City siibscriberc, who receive tlicir pa-perii hv the Carrier, all additional charge 'of one cent n week will be made. From the National Km. A SOX(; FOR T H E TIME. Up, laggards ol Freedom '.—our free flag is cast To Uie blaze of the sun and the wings of the blast ; Will ye turn from a struggle so bravel}- be-pun ? From a foe that is breaking, a fielii *Jiat's half won ? Whoso loves not his kind, and who fears not the Lord, Let him join thnt foe's service, accursed and abliorred 1 Let hiiu do his base will, as the slave only csn— Let Lini put on the bloodhound, and put off the Man! | Let him go where the cold blood that creeps in his veins | Shall stiffen t!ie slave-whip, and rust on his chains ; Where the hla. k slave shall laugh,in his bonds, to behold The wiiite slave beside Wai, self-fettered and sold! But ye who ptil! boast of hearts beating and warm, Rise, from lake's shore and ocean's, like waves in a sloriii; ' Come, throng round your banner in Liberty's name, Like winds from your mountains,—like prai-ries a-flamc! Our foe, hidden long in the ambush of night. Now, forced from his covcrt, stands black in the light. Oh! tlie cruel to Man, and the hateful to God! Smite him down to the earth, that is cursed where he trod ! For deeper tlian thunder of summer's loud shower, ' On the dome of the sky God is striking tlie hour; I Shall we falter before what we've prayed for so long, 1 When the Wrong is so weak, and the Right is so strong V Come forth aliogethcr—come old and come youtig. Freedom's vote in each hsnd, and her song on each tongue ; Trutli naked is stronger than Falsehood in j mail, i The Wrong cannot prosper, tlie Right cannot fail. Like leaves of the summer once numbered the foe, ' But the hoar frost is falling,the northern winds blow ; Like leaves of November ere long shall they fall. For earth wearies of them, and God's over all., CAS.VS ^ i C l l u L M j X L E r r E lL Whatever oiiier things the lat® election i has decided. < r l<-ft uiiderirled. one thing is «;e.-t:iiii : tiiat the docirines «'f Cass's Nicholson iet'.cr, have l<een leptidiaieti liirever, liy tliC American people. Tl.is, of iti>eit, Is a g e.it victory fur t'leeJom.— l i a d Cass l« eii eiecied on the inliiinous cioctritie.i «f iliai letter, it would have "S>een < l.iifii:'d as a v.-rdict of the people against tlif constitutionality of the Wiliuo: Priivis'i. The friftiils of I ' r e c i?<iil, «'v- «Tv wl.ere, would have been told ihut the w hole elecii in tiinicd on that cjiiesiinn, and that the po|)ular voice h;:<l declared that C.)iigi*-is liiid mi power to prev»Mit the ex <Mision of human slavery. this qucs'ion of constitutional power may Ite con>itJered .setiled f.ir lict^doiii. Lit Gen. Tavlor <lo what he may—Jet iiiin Oppose i; liy his veto <ir his |'atr()naj:e, the r / ^ V o f C'oiigp'.ss to legi.slaie for the terri-t o i i e s , will never agiiiii be mooted by Northern mei:. No parly in the fn'e •Slates will ever i!sk the jii-ople to make up a new v»-r<iii t on that cpicstion. So much, at leatt, has been gained in ; the recent eh-fiion. If the triiiinpli of T a y l o r is a vic'ory of the s!HVe-[iower,as we b f l i - v e it is. the def«-at of Cass is not less certainly a triumph of fieedom. In I repiiiiia'itig the doclrinet of the Nicliol- 8011 letter, and asserting the jurisdiction of Congress over the teriiiories, the ptrongegi jxist of the siavi-ry-exlensionisis has lie'-n carried. TI e South may blus-t e r and threaten: l>ui, this g o i i f . they hav«? really no rea<ionabIe ground to stand iipoii \ and ask the North to extend their feailul 1 curse. And with ut a degree of t r e a c l e j e r y to liberty, u n p a r a l l e l t d , ou tbe part n f ' Northern Representatives, it cannot be eiteoded. Siill, let no soldier of freedom t h r ow away his arms, or slu-iiber upon his post, a s though there was no more t o be What true F i e e Soil man would exchange the s.itisfaction of a tribute, such us tlii-, from | n political opponent, for the glory of tui h a triiuiipli as the Zacharites have obtained. And | who, having read this, will not gird uji his | res<iIiitiou anew, for all succeeding conflicts : we may have lo encounter till complete success have crowned our efforts.—Mass Sjy. i THE FREE DEMOCRACY. j 'Ah, brave Crillon! such a day us we bad at; , and you not tliere!'—Henry of Navarre. \ We cannot close the record of the late | political contest, without a direct ack-nowledgment of the obligation which tlie ; cause ot Human Progiess and Universal i i ' r e e d t ni owes to that devoted band which, dt fviiig the scotis and despising t h e mis-i representations showered up m theiu from the ranks of the two g r e a t p a r l i e s , r a l l i id with thinned ranks but uiif.ilteiing spiiii around the uplifted banner ol F r e e Soil. We did not iiniilly act with them, and we trust lio reation will ite given us to deplore our course. It seemed clear to uur judgment that the diversion of W h i g ; votes to the Bufialo nominations in nuni>, b e r s sufficient lo give Cass the Presiden-i cy, would have been a public calamity. It' would have given the sanction of success ' LY NEWSPAPER. HARTFOllD, CONN., THUliSDAY, NOVEMBER 23,1848. done. T h e battle is but j u s t liegun. ' T h e ' price of lilierty ts eternal vigilance.'A hand j to hand fight with the slave-pov.er must i come, when every freemen's a rm will be needed ' o secure a Htial victory.—Demo- i crat and Freeman. \ I S L . W K T R A D I N G I N G E O R G I A .! A correspondent of the Independent j Democrat, writing from Atalanta, Geor- ; g i a , > f t y s : j When I came to this place, from Sa-vannah, I stopped at a foggy little town, j built on the S ' u t h Caroliiiu side of t h e' Savannah river, called Hamburg, notori- I o u s a s a "human narket." The State of: (Jeorgia jirohibits the introduction of slaves I into the State, for pale; and the conse-1 quence is, Hamburg was built u]i just op- ; posite Au::iis'a, for the purpose of lurnish- i ing slaves to the plaiiters of Georgia.— \ Augusta is tl.o market to which the, plan-j t e i s of Tpper atid Middle Georgia bring their cotton ; and if they want to pur- ; chase negroes, they step over into Ilam-h u i g and do .«o. There arc two large hou-es there, with ]>iazzas in front to ex-pos- t h e "chattels" to the public during the day, and yards in r e a r of them, where _ they are penned uj) a t night like sheeji, so | clo.se that they can hardly breathe, with ' bull-dogs on the outside as sentinels.— T h e y soni'-iimes have thousands here, who in i'oiisetpience of tl.cir number sufFcr i most horribly. While at Hamburg, I saw " a drove" of theise •human cattle' passing along through the street towards the market-houses.— i They had been brought up in t h e countiy, and weie de-tined for 'l exas—that Demo- : cratic ailJ.tion to "//(C ana of Freednm." ! They were brought to this place to ship ' on board the cars for Mobil •. it was the j most sickly sight I ever witnes-ed, and ; («od knows I have seen things often before : that were enough to soften a hear! of a:!a- | men}. Many of them wereyoui g—mere ' boys and ;;irl.s—aJid had travelled barefi ot over the sharp burnrng sands of Soiitii Caroliiui, until their feet wer • l i t e r a ry cut to i>ieces, leaving blond at almost every step the}' took. Added to this was the lash of their cruel driv. rs, the gnawing of hunger, and other hardships H>ually ex- i perienecdin such a iram|j,whieh had made them the most miserable-looking objects I ; ever saw. One beautiful young c r e a t u r e ,! who would ill I he land of freedom pass for a white person, was among ti.e number.— , She observed me g;izing with at enti<.n upon her, and undoubtedly thou;:ht that 1 w a n t f d to purchase ; and clasping her hands and fixing her tearful eyes upon me, with a look of the ut.tio.'St sujiplication, she s.iid : " F o r the love of (Jod, niassa, do b:it/me] I good cook, nurse, ironc", washer—chcap at eight hundred dollars— do bin/ me I afterwards learned tluit ihey asked eight hundred do lars for her, which was probably on account of her be-ing white. I think it would have been a deed of charity to have bought her, even to make a slave of—to h a v e redeemed her f r om tlie hands of sudi monsters as these "nigger t r a d e r s " invaribly are. 1 never feli t h e misfortune of being poor so keenly a j I did at that moment. All of them appeared anxious to be sold, and when a purchase was made of one of them, he ap-jiear d to be jil ased at his jirospects, wi.ile the rest seemed to envy him. !Ma-ny ol' them—whites and mulattoes —are intended for the brothels of N ew Orleans and ^lobile, where a girl from sixteen to twenty years of age will bring from one to two thousand dollars. hen I left Hamburg for this place, there were fifty o r sixty of tlie-e wretch-ed creatures in the .<ame train of cars, go-ing on towards the South West—proba-bly to the "Lone S a r . " They were hud-dled into an «Id box car, with ui ^eats or any accommodations whatever, and fasten-ed in—so that none might escape at the stopping-places, or throw themselves out of the cjirs and destroy their lives, in a fit offlesper ition. Such things occur often, when not properly guarded against. Some-times they will even starve themselves to death, to es<'ape t h e t o r t u r e s of this bar-barous system. to the most abject ahjurtilinn, at the beck of the iSlave power of Free principles iiy the representatives of Free men. it would have taught scheming and unprin-cipled politicians that through lieachery fo Freedom lies the. road to power and fortune. Be the course of the incoming Administration wliaf it may, we believe the defeat of Ca.ss will prove tlie triumph of rreedom. By ihe self-devotion ( f the F r e e Democracy, the danger of an IC.x-tension of slavery under our naiinnal flag is well : igh averted. The struggle is by no means ended, but the nature of theend is made c e r t a i n . By the proclaimed reso-lution of a pari of the voters of the Free S l a t e s that tliey will hold the Lilii rly of Man par.unouiit to all <|i!eslions of power or policy, the 1 igging majority have bi-en brought iiieasiiiably to this s t a i i d i r d .— ' V a n Biiren and F r e e Soil' have triiim|)li-eil in making evi-n ihe venal and time-serving, lip-deep Free Soilers vocif'-rotis for 'Taylor tind F i e e Soil' <ir for 'Cass and Fiee Soil.' The <;.\>T about 'sec-tional issues,' 'union and compromi-e,' & ., has been drowned in one universal sliout for "Free Soil and iVbL"iimjir< nii.-e.' 'I'iie heneiiis of this will accrue to ail | ur-ties through all time, but the honor is mainly due to ihi'i.'oiistiiiiiMils o f t h e Uiiea and BtiH'ahi Ci nveiiiions—lo the sell-for-geUmg, .siiigle-minth d champions of I'lei- Soil. Even ihoiigli it shoul I s ion be otir: liiiiy to oppo.-e tliein on some tpieslion! %vhicli may arisi' or l ecome prominent, it will noneilii^ iessgixe «.« jili-astjie to hon-or their galiant while um-cpial s i r u g g h —! a struggle wheieof, though the sjmils fiiiiy enure lo others, tliegloiy is pre-eniiiicntiy tlicir own.—A'. Y. Trib> nc. ^ U O r J E R T EMMET. T h e foibiwing leiiers, written by this ' li^c Irishman in reply to iiiviialions he! had leceived lo uddieais F r e e Soil n.ei't- i ings, are worthy ihe iliusirious name he ' bears. Mr. Eiiiine*. is a n<'|)liew of the great Irish m:iri}r, and a s. ii of ti.e la'.e' Tiiomas Addis Eimne:, of N ew York: j NEW YottK, Oct. 1, 1848. Gaiflcmai:—1 acknowledge i!ie r e c e i p t' <if your letter informing me of my seK c -, tioii by the Convention of the F i e e l)e-i iiioerai y of this Stale, as one of their j candidates f i r the olIi< e of Stale Elector j of Pie.<i<!etit and \ i<:e I'resideiil of ihcj United S ates. I accept the noiiiiiiution w i t h unfeigned pleasure, and a m j u s l ly proud of the good opinion of so respecta-ble and distinguished a bodyof >ny fellow-citizens as t h a t from wiiicli it em.iiiates. The question wheiher the iniroduction of slavery into tiur newly acquired terri-tories shall be penniited, presents a jiolit. ical issue of gieater moiireiit than any idl.er whicli has arisen since the Ibrma-tion of our government. In it a r e essen-tially involved the character of our civil institutions in the estimation of tlie world —the future prosperity of our country, and the happiness of the vast ntimlier of individuals on whom they are destined lo operate, and whose welfare, as well as that of the present generation, they nie intended to secure. In the contemplation of such intere.sts, differences of opinion in respect to particular candidate.-, and in respect to the oidinaiy subjects ol party controver.-y, sink into insigiiiticaiiee. 'J o the fate ot such an issue no American citizen can be i n d i l l e m i i . Si ill less <-an one who, like myself, is bound liy lies of association, kindred and comtni n liiitivi- | ty, to a large portion of the emigrants 1 who are pouring into our coiiiiiry, and: wiio must increase in numbers every yi-ar, endeavoring to seek jti the genial i climate and lertile soil of our unsettled ; territories an asylum from the opjiiession and want whicii expel them from iheir native shores. The emigiaiit, wheiher driven by tyranny from the land of his fiiihers, or attracted by aiiniiration of our political system lo esla!;lisli his home among us, may rightliilly look not only for a greater pecuniary recom|)ense, but for that increased respect and con.'-idera- j lion in society, which are among the choicest rewards of honest industry in a community of freemen. These just ex-pectations he can never realize where la-bor is a badge of degradation. The inevitable efii-ct of slavery, in ren-! d e l i n g labor disreputable in the opinion of tlie communities where it is mainly per-formed by an inferior and enslaved class, and in thus lowering, in the social scale, the free white laborer who shares the | toils of that degraded class, has been conclusively show n by all experience, ll is, moreover, an invariable incident of domestic servitude, ll.ai the soil is held in | largo masses by a few large proprietors, j who own, also, the human beings by wliich it is tilled. The calaniiious condi-tion of the Irish people may be j u s t ly a»-! cribed far more to ihe monopoly of her ; soil by a few capitalists, than lo the oth-; er oppressions o f t h e Biiiish government.; And yet it is a monopoly in many re.<pet ts ; worse, that we ure a^ked voluntarily lo c r e a t e in a region sixteen times as large as all Ireland, and which seems to form almost tbe sole refuge which Providence has left her unhappy exiles. For my part, until 1 f o r g e t t h e history of my na-tive country, written in the siiflerings of h e r people, I c a n never contribute, by my vole or by any act of mine, to t h e inflic-tion of a kindred eur«kr ttpoQ atty pi«rtton of the land of our adoption; stih less up-on our vast W e s t e r n territory, which is capable of containing a population of an hundred millions, and in which the chil-dren of the emigrant and native born citi-zens a r e to mingle, and to share the bles- ; sings which in the decision of this gre i t; question we secure to them, or degrada-tion and wrong which we shall inflict up-on them. Looking, therefore to those great con-1 sidera»ioiis, to the peimanent interests of i the Republic, and the moral and social ; welfare « f those who are designed by i Providence to become the owners and oc-cujiants of its soul, 1 l.ave enrolled my-self under the banner of free soil for free men; and shall, if elec.icd lo the trust for which [ Iiave bi'en nominaied, take great pleasure in casting my vole for Martin \ an Biircn and Charies F r a n c i s Adams, for Picsidi iit and \'ice Piesident of the Uniled Stales. I am, genllemen, with great resjicct. Yours. &.•., ll'JLLIIKT E.MMET. T o Me.^srs. E . C. Dibbh-, R.- P. AVisner, 11. B . Stanlon, H. W. Sage, G. A. (Jraiil, coniniilti e, <ki:. to s l a v e r y " f o r our motto. It is the only thing that can save the nation—the only thing to preserve our liberties, or to jire-vent our becoming a by-word and reproaeli, among the nations o f t h e earth. We must begin by redeeming good old Massachu-setts, and placing her in h e r true position —in the van of the r.mks of Freedom.— We nitist put earnest and true men into the offices of our state, an 1 repudiate tho>e who have taken the lead in giving ascen-dancy to the slave power, or lent their | ollieial influences to that end. Minorities, based on moral princi[)lc, :uid acting t r u e lo it, have a treniendoiis iiifiueiice in i i e e government-^, and arc of-ten able to conirol the action of niajori-tie. s. Let us take thi.s position, and by gathering into our ranks, the true hearted men ol" t h e old parties, iiresent such an iin-jiosing f:ont, as shall to a great ex'cnt control lite .tction i.f the administration, and prevcuU its doing wrong, in such a po-sition as will enable us to concentrate ihe strength of the f r e e states against it and overthrow it. T h e party of freedom is destined inevi-tably to trinm|ih, e i e long, in this country. T h e St onger, then, that we make our-selves now, and the more we a lvance for-ward, the sooner w ill that triumph be ac-complished. ANOTHER LETTER FROM EMMET. i \ I : w YOKK, O c t . 1 0 , 1 8 18. P.\Ti;icic Coi-FiiK, E - i p : Dear S.r:—I Lave r< l eiv d yom s ol' tiie ill.^t., iiivi.iiig liie to vi^it \ o i i r c i iy (niiHulo) for the piir-o-ie. I presume, of ai.iing al a meeting t f il.e f i e e soil voteis. 1 slioiilil be glad lo aid by any e.\er;ion in my p.iwer, a cause whict) I sincerely 1 c licve to be worthy of every honest pairi-oi's Mipporl, but I find it will not he in my power to (utmply wjih your reque.si. .My biisiui'.ss has .s'ifl- teii s > much during tlit^ ia.-! four moi.Uisi-N^'iii the conslani occujpation ->f my tiiu!\iii ailcniiing to the afiaifes of unl'>rUlii:>lu W land,thai ub-seiice front home wonUl l,e liAtle s!ii<,'l of itiin to me. 1 have r e t e i v w l l i \eial\'«imilar aji-pl ical ions from tlilleiedt parts o f t h e coiiii-try. and have been compelled to decline them ail. I trust, however, that our counirvinen I in IJiiflalo w ill not desert the flag of Free S 'il. Ot all people in the world, t!;e I i i s h , who have suflered fora^e.s the mis-eries of a serfdom more degrading and galling than the iiistiluliou of slavery it-self, should liilly in dcfence of free soil and fn.-e labor. It is not a question w'l,e;lier this man or the olher man shall he Presitleiit, or w he.her this p a r t y or the oilier |)arly shall have tlie oflices to give away. It is w hether the great principle of freedom shall pn-vail as ihe controlling p o l i . y ol this coiiiilry, where we have sought aiitl found a refuge from Ibreig:; o])pression; and every Irishman (barring an Orangeman) is bound to give that prin-ciple his earnest and hearty support. Yours truly, R. EMMKT. SPIRIT OF THE FREE SOIL PRESS. [Below, wc group togetlicr extracts from some of our Free Soil exchanges, ju.st t j show the sjiirit and the purpo.'=e that breathe through thoir col-umns, and to enable our readers to .see that, Avith the true-hearted I'ree Soilers, "there's no such word as fail." From every quarter tlic cry come.-', "Close up your ranks, boys, .iml be ready for aiiotli-er onset." '1 ho^e who lat tcr themselves that the election of Taylor has virtually dishaiided the Kri;e Soil party, will find before they are many months older, that they have 'reckoueil without their host.' —El>. ClIAIiTKl: O.VK.J From the Slassaclmsetts Spy. THK ELKCrlOX. Gen. Taylor is unque-tionably cl ctcd President ot the United States for four yi a r s ensuing. We early prtdieted this result, and th lUgh al times since, there have been indications of a chance for a different one they have" nevi r been sufll-ciently decisive to induce u.s lo withdraw the prediction. It is a result calculatcd to fill every reflecting mind with gloomy forebodings for the future^ Possessed of none, of the iiualifications usually deemed requisite for such an ofiice—without poli-lical experience or information—without any avowed or known opinion of any ques-tion of public policy, he litis been chosen lo that iini.ortant station, oil the strength of two recommendations, and on them alone. The first is, his success in the work of hu-man butcheiy, and the other is, t h a t he is so deeply involved in the foul and accur-sed system of slaveholding and slave tiaf-ficking, as to have al] his interests and feelings identified with it. Such is the man electcd, and such the grounds of his election. Under these circumstances, it behooves all the irtje friends of ciNil freedom to be on the a l e r t — t o perfect their organization, and to stand together, shoulder to shoul-der, prepared for any contingency that may arise. The policy of the a Iministra-tion, thus c h o s e n , ' m u s t nect.'^sarily be a HoHlhern one. Any attempt to make it otherwise, would inevitably cause the txd-m; ni.-.lration to be Tajlur'.zcd. The ex-tent t h t n , lo which this Southern policy will be csirried, will depend very materi-ally upon the manifestations of opposition to it. f r om the f r e e states. We must stand steady, then, under the flag of FREEDOM^ with "no concessions From the Christian Citizen. I t is not our purpose l o g o into .my re-view of the modes, by®w liicli this great inajoi-ily ha-i be> n obtained for a candi- (laie, whose view.-; upon great qtieslions of ntitioiial jiolicy are almost wholly un-known, conceniiiig who.=t; position in re- Laid to ihe great liuestion of slavery ex-tension, no mati ciiii tell us anything.— Time alone can show us what he is, and whether or not those who have endorsed h 'm to the jieople of the North as the friend of Freedom and the opponent of slavery have cheated the people or not.— We may however expre.^s our o|iinion that .hey iiave. But while we say this, we .-^hall not bo blind to any merit that the. 'new .admiiiistr iltot) m(ty posse-s. If Gen. Tayfbr shall prove liimself, by his pub-lic acts, indeed the man he is represented to be, we shall be among I ho foremost to rejoice. Wi* never intend, if we can pre-vent it, to sulfer prejudice to get the better of our reason, and, though we declare bo-forehand that we have no hope that his ad-ministration will he distinguished by the exertion of its influence to s ay the f a r t h er ex'ensioii of slavery, j-et we will as frank-ly own that if it is, wc shall bo glad to find ourselves so agreeably mi.staken and | will withhold no item of crcdit which will j be j u s t l y its due. We a r c not in the hab- | it ot seeing men gather grajies of thoiiis, 1 or figs of thistles; but if the Louisiana j Slaveholiler should jirove an exception to the general ordt r of n a t u r e and seek to ad-vance the interes's <f the ichoh countiy, by saying to t h e slave ]iowcr"thus f a r and no f a r t h e r , " w<i feel that, notwithstanding his own jirivate position is antiigonislic with every sentiment of freedom, we could jiraise him as heartily as we have con-demned. If, (a< we do not cxpect) ho should prove as wise in council as he was brave in battle, no pride of opinion shall sillier us to detract from his j u s t merits.— The past i-s lichind us, and of it we know; the f u t u r e is before us,and comming events a r e hidden from our e3'es. Our country ha-s entered upon a crisi.-s, the issues of which r.o man can forsee : a crisis which demands the exercise of the highest intel-leclnal and moral abili ies, both of people and ruli-rs. Upon our legislators rests a weight of g r e a t e r resp nsibility, than has rested upon any olher since ihe formation of our government, for now, the question to be decided, is not simply whether slave-ry may exist at all, but wheiher it shall h:ive, in all coming time, a jrreponderanee of influence in the administration of gov-ernment over a nation of freemen. Be-fore this great, and mighty, and all ab-sorbing question, how mean and paltry ap-pear all the minor questions of policy,that iiave hitherto divided the country. Tar-ifls upon imported goods ! What a r e they ! in compari.son to t h e tariffs whi> h slavery will impose ; by its iron code, shutting out Ihe light of knowledge from millions of hu-man beings, h e r e a f t e r to be born in that vast extent o f l e r i i t o r y so reccnlly added lo the national domain by Ihe plunder of our weaker sister republic ? Restrictions upon foreign niiinufactures as protection to Americjui industry ! what are Ihey lo t h e restrictions upon f r e e labor, and free men, whom slavery extension will forever debar from tlieoccupancy of their glorious heritage in one million eight hundred thousand square miles of Free Soil ?— Currency and Banks ! when did any dis-cussion of -nch mere temporal measure? as-sume ihe importance of this great ques-tion of humanity, when the issue to be de-eiiled is whether mvu, with his iminorlal j mind, is still lo figure in the prices cur-rent as a markelable commodiiy ; wheth-er the priceless jewels of his heart and home are still to be weighed in the sc iles of money getting avarice, and th** drop-pings of his heart's blood converted into the Almighty dollar stamped with the ly-inp images of the Goddess of Freedom ? It is not a time for the friends of free-dom to give way to despondency or des-pair. i^ever did the sentiment of free-rBOBMIAI< » P K i n C I P L E S P V K P O S E I. Tbe CRABTBB OAK, weald mm Of mmt-ioKtha CHABTM or • » R i e n * from th« gnaf onynrjij. It ia a Free Paper,—not therefore • channel for all babble—bat what it would aay, it 'Al I say Treely. It wilt atand in defense of all right, iHiwever lowly and down-trodden, and throw rebnka into the face of ail wrong, wmether in purple ami bniadcloth, or in rags and squalor. Yet, tbougli it smites the sin, it will not hate the sinner. It wiA lie chiefly devoted to Itie cause of I.IBBRTT, aii vmukting independent political action agaiiui Slave ry, but it wii! wear the collar of no Party. It will aim to make whole, not demolish Go»emmei>t,—to wiest its sceptre from the hands of oppressors, not 111 break it. it would not put a 6re-orand to Cburck uiul State, to purify them,—but spare the uplei while it routa the vermin that are thronging IL l.lTBRATt;B8, of a hearty, manly sort, will havk -- |ilace here, with all that tends toward human elevh lion. We shall seek not to diron-a the spirit of Pro- 4irss from the sense of Beauty—but rather aim t« will Kelinement to Reform—not forgetting, however, lo use the scourge when high-handed wickediieaa shall demanil it. Passing Events and fixed Prioei pli!s, the transient News, and tbe eternal Laws, shall liiid a reconi in our Paper; and everything which lionest endeavor, good will and some experience can do, will be attempted, to make it welcome to it* fiiends, a blessing to Humanity, azul to ourselvea » ueana of an honest livelihood. VOL. III. iN'O. 47. dom for all, so pervade the hearts of this p 'ople a s at this v e r y hour. The leaven of L i b e r t y is working. ' M e n ' s eyes are turned with watchful expectancy to the acts of their public servants. Ptib ic opinion, that invisible giant, who, under Providence, controls all the institutions of republ can society, has planted his mighty lever beneath the accursed weight of in-iquity that is sinking this n.itibn to the lowest dejitli of dishonor and disgrace.— One after another, men have come out f r om the traniels of the parties which en-chained them, until, from here and there • an iiul.vidual, the moral weight of drcds of thousands is concentrated for its overthrow. While in the. old worlds kings , and thrones a r e failini,' bef.)re. the might | and majesty of a single greatChristiau idea,. let the miniotis of tyranny here tn nibie,; for God's laws a r e universjtl. I..ike c:iu-. ses will evewhere prodticc like n^suits.— ; i l a i i must be free, and they who lights ! against the do'-trine will ere long confess. , iii t h e i r overthrow, tl.iit they have only, fo iglit agaii'st Go.l, against w hom no hu- • man arm can ever prevail. From the Jame.-^town (X. Y.) C itizcn. ! Tllli FKKK s o i l . I-Airrv. ^ Whatc!ver the result of the < lection, the i F n ; e Soil jitirty has done its duty. Tlse j inipoi tanee of governments for t!,e peoph; ; of I a iibriiia and New Jlexico, prohibi- | ting the introduction of a sy-tein of ho-^ man ch;ittel-hood into these territories,has i b f c n urged ujioii the not'ee of the | f r e e e'ectors of the Northern States, and ; every honorable means u.-icd to indin-o ; theni to cast their votes with a ri-ference to this momentous issue. If wc have failed it is because the chains of p a r t y vas-sa age have proved too strong, the influ-ence of demagogue dictation too c ' n t r o l l - ing, with a mnjority of t h e American p«!0- ple, to be successtjilly resisted with the unaided force '-f irt^ih. We fear that, so f a r as ihe election o4'candidates is coueern-cil, the F r e e Soir p a r t y is defea ed. We f e a r that will all t!lie sad experience our country li.ts had under the r u l e of the slave power—that, notwithstanding the vast amount of money that has been expended, and the lives sacrificed, to extend and strengthen slavery—notwithstanding the institution is acknowledged to be a man ilegrading, earih-ctirsing ;ind God-pr.)Vok-ing evil—though the baneful influence of this blighting curse is so plainly visible to the Aiiicrican people—we fear the })eople have cho.^en another veteran slaveholder for Chief Magistrate of the nation, and consented to another four years' submis-sion to the slave dynasty of the South.— l>ut. whether this prove ?o be thii ro.-uU o f t h e Presidential eoiite.st which has just closed, or not, is t h e mission of the Free Soil jiarty fulfilled ? Is il better that those who have broken away from party intinence, and rallied under the F r e e Soil banner in this crisis, should fall btick info the di.sciplined ranks from whit h they came, and resume the shackles of party that has so long degraded and disgraced tiiem ? Heaven forbid that they should ever voluntarily seek the. vassallsige from which t!:ey have but j u s t broken away.— Should the F r e e Soil party be disbanded, and those now constiluling it resnme their places in the old parlies, their enslave-ment wou'd be more completely, and the liespotism of party moro permanently es-tablished th:in ever before. Such a slate , of things is to be dreatled—it must bo j avoided. The F r e e Soil p:trty must not | disband. Free Soil uten mus'. maintain i their indepeuflence. j I n looking back upon ihe history of our country, during thii last forty years, it seems as if enough might be seen of the rub- and influence of slavery to arouse the f r e e laborers of the No. thorn States lo ti resolute and unanimous resi.stance of a f u r t h e r invasion of iheir rights. The slaveholders, with the sword and purse of | the nalion subji Ct to their control, have been constantly enaaged in defending, strengthenii g a n i extending their institii-lion of wholesale plunder—involving the country in wars, a n d by purchase or other-wise, annexing foreign territories at an expense of blood and treasure of fearful amount. Tin; result is that nine new slav eholiling States have been admitted in-to the Union, and the slave population and slave representation of the country made three-fold. But the slaveholders Lave hatl the most complete mastery in politics, a n d done most towards building u p their iherished institution, during the last fifteen years. They have had little choice between a Whig tind Democratic administr.ition, only that it was a slaccnj administra'ion. That bolh Whig anil Democratic administration have aflswered t h e i r purpose, the r succe.ss in enlarging Ihe area of their institution affords the most indubitable proof. If the same par-ties continue lo rule, headed and cont.-oll-ed as they have been and still are, by slaveholders, what difl'erent policy may we expect in the f u n r e ? The truth is, t h e r e is an absolute necessity of the peo-jile's rrbcUing against the dictatorship of t h e slave power, and asserting an in'de-pendence, an entire independence of the obMgations of old parties. The general government is now in the hands of the slave power. It will be employed for the benefit cf slavery so long as it remains i there. Then it becomes a matter of im- ^ portance with those expecting to labor for / a living, to effect a dh-jrce, ret-laiming the < f - governiiient, and wielding it lo subserve the interests of freedom and free labor. To accomplish this is t h e business o f t h e ? F r e e Soil party. And in order fo effe. t | this it is not necessary that the party \ should be a sectional one. There are less f than three hundred thousand shtv. holders ' in the fifieen slave States. To oppose them in their M/c interest (the all-import- ; ant one with thern. to be siin .) is not tu^ oppose the eniire South. There an; te:i.s • , of thousands in the slave S ates as hearti-ly ojiposed to the extension of slavery, and to slavery i .self, as any at the > ' o r l h .— Among thofe a r e men of talent, of emi-nent (pialilic.itions fcr the highest.ofrices in the government, fti sei kii g for a di-vorceof the general guvi-rnnient fri^tn the shivejiower. we sh:iH have not only the j' .sympa l;y, l.iit the ai./ of such men—and ' it should be remember, i that tJ.e.i! \as well » as slaveholders, are u/hcrn men. Al-^ ready :ire then; Free Soil organi.'.:ttion.< in;' a mnjority of the shiv.- States. These or-* g '.nizations a r e every <!ay :;rowin^ stron-\ gi'r. and they will coi:;inne to strengthen^ nnlil ' h e South and North are iin ted on^ the great rpicstion of human frei'dom.— < Our party, the!!, is i of a sectional party.-V-Wo are not oiiposing the South. We o n l^ say thill the two hiunlred and seventy thousniiil slaveholde:-.- an insignificant tnin rily in the Southern States—i'ld/.toJ^ ride l/ir r.rt'iou. We do not say that thfc South .-hall iM>t |)arilcipa:e etpinlly witlji us in the admir.istratioii and b< i:i tits oA the federal governm'.'iu ; but tl.:it sl.ne-^ I n J d i r s shall not be inir dictators. A® jires lit they arc. A g r e i t majority of idl* the otfuos under the fi-deral l onst tutioi, civil and military, which a r e fill d by ext eciitive appointment, are filled by s'r veij hollers ; y e t i t is a notorious fact that s l a v ' h o l d e r s constiti.to only about oif^' tiijhlie'ih part of the people of tfi'C United Slates. It is, t h c r e i o r e , einpiia.V" call}- t.'-iie t h a t the goveniment is in thl^ hands—not of the S^.llf^—but of the s ' a i -i p::wir. We say again, to recla ni it is? the business of the F r e e Soil p a r t y . T h^ old parties a r e both in league w i t h that^ power, a r e controlletl l>y that power—do* its bidding, and subserve its interests.—^ Hence, w o say, the F r e e Soil jiarty must* live, w h a t e v e r the result of the contest that', has j u s t closed. It mu.-t Ir.ve a perma-nent organization, as tl;e freedom party' of the I ' u i t e d States, oppo.-ed, not to the"; South, but to the slave oligarchy. It wfll live, grow and strengthen—("ALIIOUX says^ it will triumph in 1852. We believe it. . From the CleTehiad (O.) True Democrat. THE CAJIPAIGX OF ' 4 8 RI.0?ED—THAT OF V)2 r.F.nux. Yesterday closed the Campaign of 1848. What is the result of that day's vote wo shall know in good time. Most likely it is a semi-triumph of the Slave Power in combination with the craven doughfaces of tlfe North. If so, it is little m a t t e r which of the leaders enjoys tin; empty honor of being a minority Pre.-^ident. T h e position of a man, slavery at heart, occupying a place of power, yet so lu-dged in by cir-cumstances that he cannot use it—so com-pletely interdicted from carryi-'S out his wishes by the thunder-tones • : i !reedom-loving people, is not to be covi ieil. In this p isition Free Soilers have put the Slavery President elect, if any one is elected, and we do not feel sufficient inter-est in these evils lo speculate for a mo-ment in regard lo which is the elect. To Free Soilers we have a word to say, and it must now be brief. 'I he Campaign of l b 4 S is now ended, but not so the mission of our party. Yes-t e r d a y ' s sun went down upon a field of political strife, where truih and principle were worsted. To-day it lises in g o ry upon our invicible host which, though overcome in a thousand battles, can never be destroyed. This day begins the P r e s - idential campaign whit It will be coiiclutled in 1852, when F r e e Soil, F r e e Speech, F r e e Labor and Free .Men w ill be tri-umphant. With this prospect in view, we go to worL this morning, of the 8ih ol November, with renewed hope and vigor, determined to fight on, and fight ever, till t r u t h has the vfctory, and right is tri-umphant. At our mjist-head, w h e ro so long J a ve floitled the names of liie nominees of the liuffalo Convention, v.o run up the glori-ous flag of F R E E S O I L , and under its bro.ld and mantling fold, shall stand and fight whilst our cause i f c d s a soldier for its defence, or for its triumph. ^ Friend.s, in our infancy we have fought a battle that made the foe tremble and (piake with fear for tl e M-sult. With the strength which time and practice will give us, we shall triumph in the next great conflict. To vour posts then ! — Kelax none of your energies ! Moderate none of your z e a l ! Organize ! work !— Thi.** is expected of Jou. Let us firmly and judiciously wield the power, and im-prove all t h e vantage we have secured.— Impregnable in the right, let us boldly face the enemy,an«i make no compromises with the slave power of the South, or its dough-faced adjuncts of the North. \
|Title||Charter Oak, 1848-11-23|
|Uniform Title||Charter oak (Hartford, Conn. : 1846)|
|Subject||Slavery -- United States -- Newspapers; Antislavery movements -- United States -- Newspapers; Hartford (Conn.) -- Newspapers|
|Description||Frequency: Weekly; Publication dates: New ser., vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 8, 1846)-v. 3, no. 52 (Dec. 28, 1848)|
|Collection||Newspapers of Connecticut|
|Source - Location||Connecticut State Library microfilm, AN104.H3 C63|
|Relation||Continues: Christian freeman (Hartford, Conn.) (DLC)sn 84025778 (OCoLC)10657256; Continues: Republican (Hartford, Conn.) (DLC)sn 84025785 (OCoLC)10703015|
|Relation-Is Part Of||Series title: Anti-Slavery newspapers|
|Publisher||Hartford [Conn.] : William H. Burleigh,|
|Rights||Digital Image © Connecticut State Library. All rights reserved. Images may be used for personal research or non-profit educational uses without prior permission. For permission to publish or exhibit, see Reproduction and Publication of State Library Collections, http://ctstatelibrary.org/reproduction-publication/|
|CONTENTdm file name||18065.cpd|
|Title||Charter Oak, 1848-11-23 - Page 1|
WILLIAM H. BURLEIGH.
mo n STATS STBBET, KABTFOBO. OOHH.
Two 1>0U.4KS PES AMKOH—Aom W-HICT.
Cents will be detluctrd if pmid stiictlf in adranee.
r«'o dollari to City Subschbets. who reoeiva the
|CONTENTdm file name||18061.pdfpage|