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"Equal and Exact Justice to all Men of Whatever State or Persuasion, BeUjims or Political."—Jefferton m Vol. IV. Whole No. 888 Norwalk, Conn.. Wednesday Evening, June 27,1891. Price One Cent; 'ILL HIM The Seriate Defeats Another of His In- • come Tax Amendments. HE SPOKE OF "TEST'S WHIP" An Allusion to tlie Slums of New York Aroused His Ire—Koutino Proceedings of the House—Dir. Peffer Proposes to Tax Immigrants. ?* ftf:, - * «. •:* WASHINGTON, June 27.—With the thermometer standing at 83 degrees in the senate chamber at 10 o'clock today the senate entered upon the thirteenth week of the tariff debate. At the opening of the session Mr. Allen (Pop., Neb.) made another ineffectual attempt to secure consideration for his resolution directing the secretary of tho treasury to inform the senate of the total number of persons engaged in protected industries whose wages might be affected by tariff legislation. Mr. Gallin-gcr (Rep., N. H.) objected, and Mr. Morrill (Rep., Vt.) moved to refer it to the finance committee. Mr. Allen gave notice that as long as tho resolution remained unacted upon he would object to all legislation by unanimous consent. Mr."Morrill's motion was defeated by a vote of 16 to 27. At 10:30 the senate resumed the consideration of the income tax provisions of the tariff bill. Mr. Hill withdrew he amend-, ment he offered on Saturday to strike out the provision exempting the interest On United States bonds from the operation of the tax. Mr. Hill said his object in offering the amendment was to call the attention of the country to the fact that $635,- 000,000 of property in government bonds were necessarily exempt from the topcration of the income tax under the law. Although the ostensible purpose of tho income tax was to reach .wealth and equalize taxation, (there was an enormous investment of capital which the income tax could not reach. Mr. Hill then moved to exempt state, county and municipal bonds. He argued that taxation of state bonds'by the federal government would be a direct attack upon the administration of the states. If tho federal government had the right to diminish the value o£ str>9 bonds and securities, it had the right to destroy them. Aside from the question of the exercise of a doubtful power, in justice to the states which senators represented on this floor, and upon which this tax bore harshly, Mr. Hill thought the states should have the right to issue bonds without /)©- ing subjeot to federal taxation. Mr. Vest's Reply. Mr. Vest thought the exemption pro posed presented a very different question from that with reference to United States bonds. It was no benefit to the stpes or municipalities to exempt their bonds. The bonds were^ sold in the open markets. They went into the hands of private holders and should be subject to taxation. Mr. Hill contended that Mr. Vest begged the question. The exemption proposed would add nothing to the constitutional rights of the states and would take nothing away. If it Was fair' and right to exempt government bonds, it was equally fair and right to exempt state and municipal bonds. It would in nowise affect the holders. If state bonds were to be subjected to. federal taxation, tlicy would bring less in the piarket and probably have to bear higher rates of interest. He maintained that unless the states were placed on an equality with the federal government with ro-gard to the taxation of their securities a great injustice would be done, "If the states by law specifically exempted their bonds, could the United States tax them?" asked Mr. Piatt (Rep., Conn.). " Unquestionably not," replied Mr. Hill. "That would bo beyond the constitutional £OW«r of congress.'' Mr, Ohandeler (Rep., N. H.) said, although he had no particular interest in making this bad bill any better, lie hoped upon reflection that tho Democratic majority would not place states and municipalities when tlicy were forced to borrow money in a worse position than the United States. The United States <yuld now borrow money cheaper than any country, ' gfoatit), corporation or individual. But because ft occupied this coign of vantage the goyer^UMMit should not injure "the credit of statesi and gjtiss by raiding their securities. Mr. Mitchell (Rep., Or.) agreed with Mr. Hill that the taxation of state and county bonds was of doubtful constitutionality. He cited a case which grew out of the tax of 5 per cent levied on the railroad corporations during the war. The statu of Kentucky, several counties in Kentucky, Tennessee and the city of JxmisviJle had subscribed for the bonds of tho Louisville and Nashville railroad? The railroad refused to pay the tax on the grounds that the tax was, in" fact, levied i against the holders of tbeso bo»d» which were constitutionally exempt from federal taxation. Tho supreme court, Mr. Mitchell said, sustained the contention of the railroad, holding that the United States could not tax the revenues of a sovereign state. Mr. Hill said that there could be no answer to the argument in- favor of exei'npt- Ing state, county and municipal securities. He expjrggged the hope that the finance committee accept his amendment. Mr. Shernjan ajsQ took this view of the proposition. ; J Vv. The more ho thought of it, Ji0 said, the jtiorc satisfied he becanje that the United State# should not interfere by this species pf taxation with tho power of the state to borrow wjoney, _ * 51r, Allison's Views, . Mri Allison (Rep., Ia,) maintained that' in the matter of borrowing money the states were supreme as the federal, government, and the power of the states could not be asserted as against the United States, nor in turn could the power of the United States be exercised against the Bt Senator Vest said that of course the United States could not desfroy the'official functions of the states by taxing the salaries of state officers put, of ^xi^ence or in any other way, because that would roeap a Evolution im • our government, or wnioli the stajes were a part. But Mr. "Vest thought senators reduced that argument to an absurdity when they held that the United States could not indirectly diminish the resources of the states. The supreme power of the government to raise the money necessary to carry onxthe government was undisputed. It could use all the property of all the citizens of all the states for that purpose. If the United States could not tax the property of the state, it could not touch the property of individuals in the state. The states sold their bonds and placed the money in the treasury and the question presented was, Hiuwl i.i i •- • r of those bonds bear their propoi iio:i ut the taxation necessary to support tho -governments The supreme court has Isold ;in affirming the constitutionality of the state bank tax that the United States, in the exerciso of its function and right to strengthen its financial system, was supreme. The vote was then taken, and the amendment was lost—25 to 30. Messrs. Gray, Hill and Pugh (Dem.) voted for the amendment and Mr. Pottigrew (Rep.) and the Populists against it. Otherwise it was a strict party vote^hc Repub' licans for, the Democrats against. Mr. Hill then modified his amondment so as to confine the exemption to state bonds. / fill's42melt Retort. A reference of Mr. Yest to the "slums of New York" in connection with the New York senator brought Mr. Hill to his feet with the statement that the other day he was charged with representing tho millionaires. Today he was charged with representing the slums. Ho represented all classes. His Democratic antagonists should not taunt him. They should .not question his motives. He should be judged by the propositions he made. His Democratic associates should not move to the crack of Senator Vest's whip. His amendment should be honestly answered by every Democrat when he cast his vote. Was it sound? Did it make the bill better or worse? In the House. Another legal holiday has been added to the list of those now existing so far as congress has the power to do so, as on motion of Mr.- McGann (Dem., Ills.) tho senate bill making Labor day a national holiday was passed. The following house bills and joint resolutions were passed: A bill authorizing the Minneapolis Gaslight company to lay a submerged gas main across the Mississippi river; bill extending the time for constructing bridges across the Hiawassee, the Tennessee and Clinch rivers in Tennessee; bill to give the same weight and effect to the oaths of privates and noncommissioned officers in pension cases as is given to the oaths of commissioned officers; resolution referring to the court of claims the bill for the relief of Hippolyte ITilhol and others. The house then went into committee of the whole, Mr. Bynum in the chair, and the deficienpy. bill was. taken up. iiie .Nicaragua Canal Bill. WASHINGTON, June 27.—The first draft of the Nicaraguan bill has been submitted to the house committee on foreign commerce. The bill provides for an issue of $83,000,000 of stock, 830,000 shares for $100 each. Of this amount the United States is to have $70,000,000, and $1,000,- 000 is to be given the canal company for its-concessions, leaving $12,000,000 to be subsequently arranged. There are ft) be 11 directors, eight representing the United States, one for the canal company, one for Nicaragua and one for Costa Rica. The United States directors are to be appointed by the president. Lieutenant Nichols Retired. WASHINGTON, June 27.—The president has disposed of the long standing case of Lieutenant Frank W.-Nichols, U. S. N., by retiring the officer at his present rank with three-quarters pay. This action was taken on the report of a medical board, and tho president finds that tho disability from which the officer suffers was incurred in the line of duty. Sugar Trust Investigation. WASHINGTON, June 27.—The senate Sugar trust committeo has received the written replies of Senators Butler and Pettl-greW to the questions concerning ownership of and speculation in Sugar trust stock. They answer the questions in tho negative. ' To Tax Immigrants. WASHINGTON, June 27.—Senator Peffer today gave notice of an amendment to the tariff bill levying a duty of $50 per head upon every ulien arriving in the United States. Promoting the New Canal. BALTIMORE, June 27.—A large and enthusiastic mass meeting was held at the Academy of Music to promote the construction of the proposed Chesapeake and Delaware ship canal. The meeting was under the auspices of the city government, and delegations were present from every-commercial organization of the city and state and from each county. Mayor La-trobo presided, and Senator -Gorman was among the speakers. Central Pennsylvania miners Adjourned. ALTOONA, June 27.—The convention of central Pennsylvania miners adjourned at noon today. Resolutions Were passed allo.wing each region to regulate its own dead work scale and providing for an assessment on all miners who resume work at the compromise rate to assist others who cannot resume: Work will be resumed immediately whero the compromise rate is acccpted. r • Two Vessels Probably I.os,t. SAN FKANCISCO, June 27.—The British ship Laomane,. bound from Calcutta foi jgao Francisco, has been out 142 days, and insurance mop are becoming anxious about het /Shipping mop have also given up the (polintrave as lost. She is now out 101 days from New Castle, N. S. W., and a vessel pf her class should have made the trip i|| half that time. •. .,s Miners HopriJ>ly Disfigured. .5 FOUT DODGE, la., June 27.—An pccftlent occurred at t-hp ipiijnpg town of Gustanca by which Miners Jlii-haelsgn and Jones were horribly disfigured and mortally hunt. Michiu-lson is dead, and Jones is dying- Theinenhad.ii (jgn pf, blasting powdeuajid were drying Bome,squibs tfver a lamp when a spark fell into tho c^ui. „ The Kemains of the Murdered President Are Now In the Elysee. ?ASIMIR-PERIER'S CHANCES. bw Government Intends to~ Broelaim - a State of Siege «t Lyons—Some Ad(U- . tional Facts Concerning Santo ~ and His Horrible Crime. n ~ PARIS, June 27.—The special train conveying tho body of tli« murdered president from Lyons to Paris arrived here at 3:10 o'clock- this morning. The coffin was at onoe placed in an ordinary hearse and driven to the palace of the Elysee, followed by five carriages containing Mme. Carnot and her sons and the members oi the pres-ideitt's military household. At a respectful distance behind the vehicles were 30 «iabs containing newspaper reporters. . Thousands of persons thronged the streets at an early hour this morning awaiting the arrival of tho body froin Lyons and stood with uncovered heads as the cortege passed on the .way from the railway station to tho palace of the Elysee. M. Lcpine, the procureur of the republic, in an interview this morning stated that Cesare, the assassin, was a native of Tici-no, Italy. He has a long, thin-face and wears a small dark mustache. „ Ho is .well educated and intelligent in appearance^ but miserably clad. The Assassin's Cunning. When he approached the president's carriage, M. Lepine said, he had in his hand not a roll of paper resembling a petition, as has been reported, but a gbod sized bouquet of flowers. This he held up in both hands, as though ho were about to present It to the president. Approaching the carriage in that attitude, no one suspected his intention. When he reached tho carriage, he slid one hand down behind him and drew** poignard, which, with a in;irvel-ously quick movement, he lifted aliove his head, and before bo could be seized struck the fatal blow with great force. At Cette yesterday the police made a search of the lodgings of 10 persons known to be anarchists and ^arrested four of the occupants. ' The assass|n lodged for some time with an Italian wine merchant in the Rue Tra-versierc in this city. His name is registered at the Labor Exchange and he is described as a baker. During the night the Italian workmen in the foreigii factories doing business here weref protected by the police—a necessary precaution, too, in view of the intense feeling against them. All foreign-workmen in the Parisian sugar refinery at St. Quen and in the St^, Denis Iron works liavo been discharged. The Next President. MM. Jules Simon and Emile Ollivier, in interviews on the political situation, declare that the needs of the hour demand that M. Casimir-Perier be elected president. They agree, however, that the delay in assembling the chamber at Versailles will affect his clianccs adversely. Premier Dupuy, in reply to inquiries.by sevoral members of tho chamber of deputies as to his candidacy for the presidency, which has been so frequently discussed within the last few months, has announced that ho will hot refuse to be a candidate if- the country needs his services. In regard to the claims of the other gentlemen aspiring to the honor Of the presidency, M. Dripuy declares that it.redounds to the honor of the republic that in this friendly rivalry to serve the state ail aro animated by equal devotion to Franco and the democracy. M. Albert Benoist expresses his belief that the motive of the assassin of President Carnot was to avenge the slaughter at Aigues Mortes as well as the recent execution of anarchists. ^ It is stated that the government intends to proclaim a state of siege at Lyons. Premier Dupuy presided today at a cabinet council called to determine the arrangements for the.funeral. The body is now guarded by four cadets from the military school of Saint- Cy It has been placed upon a catafalque in tie courtyard of tho Elysee. There it will Jie in state beneath a canopy iiim Sunday, when it will be taken with great ceivMt.o>«y to the Pantheon and placed beside the body of the late president's grandfather, Lazare Carnot. ______ Riots Continue at Lyons. LYONS, June 27.—The disorders here and at Other places in France resulting from the indignation of the people at the assassination of President Carnot were continued thx-oughout the night. Crowds of rioters paraded the streets of this city from the time the late president's remains left Lyons until this morning, and in spite of the*efforts of the police and.military the mobs sacked Italian stores and taverns, and after throwing their contents into the streets made bonfires of everything burnable. Here and in other towns of France Italian sculptors, wood carvers, image makers, grocers and gilders suffered at the hands of the mob. When ferretted out,' they wero beaten and rolled in the gutters, their belongings wcro seized and broken up or burned, and many of them barely escaped with their lives. Numbers of Italians have been hopelessly ruined in business. Others have fled from Lyons, and more are expected to follow. Others still' have soqglvt safety in the country and are, hiding in Hie svpotU anil other such places of refuge. . Scenes qf disorder similar to those witnessed last night in this city aro ppported from severai 'other towns of France, notably Grenoble and Dijon, and there is a prospect pf more "rioting. The troops have supported theopoliee in every tase in Iho efforts of the authorities to restore QHjer. It Looks like Caslmir-Perler. , a At a plenary meeting of all tho-Republican senators this afternoon in order to decido upon a candidate for the presidency, In succession to .the late President Carnot,' a votp V( tafcien./jvith the following ijp-suit: Casiin^JPerier, 144; scattering, 38j Causes of the Great Strike^ Its Extent • >;:fi and the Points Involved. , IHE CLAIMS 0E BOTH SIDES. |a Important Boycott Inaugurated—Be- , ductions In Wages Have Caused Great UiBsatlsfacticm—Position of the • Pullman Company* CHICAGO, June 27.-fThc strike of the Pullman employees is the largest that has been known in this section with tho ex-, ception of the coal miners.' It involves 3,000 employees, whosci pay roll amounted to $7,000 a day.. It started on May 11 and lias continued 47 days, with a loss of •Dver '$300,'000 to the employees. Like all large strikes, there' are "two sides to it. :The men claim that thjair wages have been cut down from 35 to 5 Of per cent since September, 1893, and are now so low that aft-sr paying rent to' the Company there is little or nothing left for them tolive on. Another complaint ijs thdfr'tho foremen are not competent, an|;l that tho favored ones have their own - M£ay, while others must suffer. The system of piece work in vogue is such, it is complained, that there Is no show for the oridnary workman, as it is based upon the labor of" the most expert, and when a piece of., work is given out at one price and finished in a given time tlio next day the. same character ot Work is put out at reduced rates. As an Illustration of this, it is cited that where a door was given to a workman who finished it in eight hours jor $1.90 the next time that it was sent out the same man only received $1.62. Workmen who formerly received $2 a day now get only $1. In the iron department a cut of 25 to 40 per cent brought the -vfages dowirto $1.50 and $2.25 per day, while at other similar establishments the pay, it is claimed, is $2.75." Big Cuts Made. In the passenger car department there have been cuts from 3CTEo. less-than 19 cents per hour, and in the street car department a reduction of 55 per cent, and on tho piece work plan the best men in this department can, it is said, only make 10 to 12 cents an hour. Brass molders were cut 25 to" 40 per cent, finishers 20 to 35 cents, irou molders 25 to 40, and laborers 40 per cent. Upholsterers suffered a reduction from $2.75 to $1.50 and $1.75. Cabinet makers were reduced 15 to 35 per cent, and carpcnters from $2.75 to $1.50 and $1.75-per day, and in the freight car department from 34 cents to 16 cents an hour. The company officials say that it is not a question as to what the company is willing to pay, but what it can pay, and that it would rather keep the works closed six months than run, as tliero are few construction orders to be had. They claim that in tho past tho company has paid tho highest wages, and that now, when everything is down, the men are- unable to adjust themselves to the changed situation. They ask why, if tho men have been badly treated, some have remained with the company 5, 10 and 12 yfears. The Pullman company owns the town of Pullman, and the employees rent from the company, so that the latter get the benefit pf their labors. One especial grievance that the employees have is that rents have not been reduced, while wages have been cut. Tho company, on the other hand, says that tho basis on which the houses are rented only pays 4 per cent on the investment, and that 90 per cent of the epmloyees are $150,- 000 in arrears for rent, but as yet no evictions have occurred. Company Suggested Arbitration. The company offered to treat with the men and wero willing to show their books fco prove that they were paying higher wages than the results justified. This, however, was declined by the leaders of the men on tlio ground that the books had been fixed in the interests of the company. Before the organization of the local council of the Americaii Railway union had been fairly completed the strike was ordered because some of the leaders had been laid off for lack' of work in their departments. As is usual when employees are arrayed against largocoinpanies, there has been a great deal of public sympathy in favor of the former. This was taken advantage of by the strikers, who have secured aid in the shape of donations of flour and money. They have held several picnics to raise funds. Their, supplies are now at a low ebb, as there are 1,500 persons on the relief rolls. Tho union has voted, an assessment of 10 cents a head per day for the reliof of the strikers, but this cannot bo made available for somo time, and the condition of tho strikers at present is the worst sinco they stopped work. At the meeting of the American Railway union held here last week the Pull-pian strike was the leadlhg topic of -discussion, and as tlio election of officers re- Bulted in the selection of the radicals there Is every indication that the strike will be carried to the bitter end, and tho decision bo start a boycott on all Pullman cars at noon today was the first step. The fight will first be made in the switching yards of the Westerri Indiana andthe Illinois Central roads, especially tho latter. Officials of the Pullman company refuso to arbitrate with their employees and say that there is nothing to arbitrate At the Game time they are willing to confer with their own men as individuals. They stubbornly refuse to recognize the American Railway union, but President Debs is gueted as saying that the union does jiot ask for recognition, but is. simply trying (ifi gegvire the-proper .wages for the employees. .. •' \ . Boycott Postponed at Cincinnati. *" ' CINCINNATI, June 27.—On orders from President Debs of the American Railway anion the Pullman boycott was declared jff here today. Mr. Phelan, who was sent here by President Debs, states thatr this is iimply a postponement and that the boycott might be ordered at any time. Bead the *»... is -- m' This MEANS Something OF INTEREST! To Everybody. The unusual big sale of last week cleaned out our stock so completely that we were enabled to take advantage of the market, and, as a result, we have secured some MS. 888®* -v-, This stock advertises itself. The collection of new;laces, veilings and embroideries is the best ever shown in this city, and our prices are the lowest. At this department will be found a beautiful display of art goods, comprising everything that is new. iMUSLIN UNDERWEAR. No lagging in this department. Prices more tempting than ever. ~ r f „ M; White skirts, three tucked ruffles of fine cambric, regular value,$1.00,now 75*. White skirts, cambric ruffle, headed with cluster of tucks, made to sell at 69c, our price 45c. One lot corset covers, ranging from 49c to 69c, 35c. , 'i'.* - *&-j Chemisettes—10 dozen in printed effects, all new, regular price 25c, foil this sale 12j4c. 25 doz. children's collars, very choice designs, regular price 12>^c, for this sale, $581'' :• pMft.. 5c. / FOR THE BABY. Muslin caps, an immense variety, frtfm^® The NORWALK BOSTON STORE Norwalk, Telephone Call, 57-4. / 9c to $1,29. Slips, from 25c to 79c. Christening robes $1.25 to $3.50. Infants long skirts, 39c to $2.69. Infants'short skirts, 25c up. Wool sacques, 25c to $1.39. - : - Cloaks, $1.29 to 7.98. Bootees, 12^c to 50c. . PARASOLS. :vr-; Just received from the makers, 50 doz. 24 inch sun umrellas, mostly black. - ' % 20 dozen fine English gloria, extra val- • ue, each $1.00. ? 15 dozen silk gloria, very choice han dles, each one warranted, $1.95. 15 dozen silk gloria,mourning handles, very choice at $2.49. . • KITCSEN DEPARTMENT. SJ Despite the hard times our sales in this department have, increased. One word explains all: BARGAINS ! For this sale, window screens to fit any window,from 26-inch to 32-incli,each 17c. Four quart glass berry dish, 9c. French porcelain cups and saucers, set 47c. ' ' ,• Glass Viuegarettes, 5c. ' Pocket whisk broom, with case, 19c. $• Nickel-plated cuspidors, loaded bottom 23c. Colored glass pepper and salts, six colors, 4^c, Mason's fruit jars, pints or quarts,each 5c. . , 3cm No. 8 nickel tea kettle, guaranteed two year, 98c. s. ' SGet tho Back Numbers. We have secured several copies of back numbers from 4 to 12 of " THE WORLD AND ITS PEOPLE BY SUNLIGHT » which parties can obtain by applying at once to this office or to newsmen Benedict, Hayes and Betts. In order to facilitate matters we print below aback number coupon,which when presented with ten cents, at either of the above named places will entitle the holder to any number from 4 to 12 o*f these elegant art portfolios. * GOOD FOR ANY PORTFOLIO FROM No. 4 to 12, When presented with ten cents at FVIIA office, or at the stores of news- men Benedict, Hayes and Betts.1 FAT PEOPLE Park Obesity Pills wiU reduce your weisrht PERMANENTJLY from 12 to 15 pounds a month. NO STARVING sickness or injury MO MJBHCITT. They build up the health and beautify the complexion leaving no wrinkles or flabbiness. Stout abdomens, difficult breathing surely relieved. No experiment but a scifitinc and positive relief, adopted omj afterlive years experience. All orders sup plied direct from our office. Price $2.00 per package or three packages for $5.00 by mail postpaid. Testimonials and particulars(sealed) 2 cts. All Correspondence Strictly Confidential. PARK REMEDY CO., Boston, Mass. MUSIC furnished for Concerts^Balls Soirees, Weddings and Entertainments of every description. Violin and Guitar for small parties" a specialty. WNo Amateurs! Highest grade of music, by first-class musicians. Summer evening dances a specialty, violin and Piano instruction, C. A. FBEBKAN,17 Elizabeth street, So. Norwalk, or at GAZETTE office. Norwalk. PIANO LESSONS. MBS. aSOBGE W. BRADLEY (daughter of the late Mr. Wm.B. Nash,) gives effi-ient and satisfactory instructions on the Fianoiat her home. No. 193 Mam St'1"'*, ft*,. PLYKOUTH n IOB! Stores & Families Supplied. (TREASONABLE BATES!' Bead the GAZETTE. PATENTS! —• FOSTER,FEEEMAN & CHAMBERLAIN Councelors in Patent Causes. ' Mechanical and Electrical experts. Rooms 12,13,14, Bishop Block, Bridgeport, Conn. Philadelphia, New York and ' Washing. . -30 years experience in Fatents. SOME J/PSMBER OF OUlt FIRM 18 JX . NORWALK EVERY WDEti. Just Received. A large Consignment of Fine Millinery, consisting of Hats, Flowers, Ribbons, Laces, and all the latest styles in Pattern Hats. Consigned by one of the largest Importing Houses of New York City, to Fawcett's old and reliable Headquarters for Millinery, No. 3 Water street, Norwalk. Ladies will do well to call and examine before purchasing elsewhere. - _____ FAWCETT'S, HEADQUARTERS FOR MILLINERY.! IT POPS HEM! Hale's Corn Popperlpops j out hardland soft ;corns, warts and moles. Your money back if not .satis- A BARGAIN I have two very desirable Building Lots, centrally located, in a genteel neighborhood, livej minutes walk from the bridge, that I will sell at"Slaugbtered Prices, to close an estate. Apply to : : -i : : :f; G. A. FRANKE, AGENT. . / n BHorace E. Darin, Jjimy agj^Sales Stable, •3 Opposite Danbury and Norwalk Railroad depot, Norwalk, Conn. Stylish Single or Double Teams ; with or without drivers. . . • Safe horses for women - and children. . . ' mi, - '• ; • • --SI SADDLE HORSES A SPECIALTYf^^'. ; mmmt We have the Mackinaw dry :: air, cabinet finish, solid ash v refrigerators and ice chests. Also soft wood refrigerators. •A fujl line of adjustable win-dow screens, fit any window. s :-V. H. H. WILLIAMS! '•:<Vv^li5-Wall Stteet. SSlM-v fiSSiilis Sorse Shoeing. THE undei cigned has taken the shop in iLe front of S. T, ftuay's on Cross street, and s prepared to do Horse Shoeing in a first oUssmanner* .. m . .. ... .ir.. .. .?> JOHT.LYCETT.
"Equal and Exact Justice to all Men of Whatever State or Persuasion, BeUjims or Political."—Jefferton m
Vol. IV. Whole No. 888 Norwalk, Conn.. Wednesday Evening, June 27,1891. Price One Cent;
The Seriate Defeats Another of His In-
• come Tax Amendments.
HE SPOKE OF "TEST'S WHIP"
An Allusion to tlie Slums of New York
Aroused His Ire—Koutino Proceedings
of the House—Dir. Peffer Proposes
to Tax Immigrants.
WASHINGTON, June 27.—With the thermometer
standing at 83 degrees in the senate
chamber at 10 o'clock today the senate
entered upon the thirteenth week of the
tariff debate. At the opening of the session
Mr. Allen (Pop., Neb.) made another
ineffectual attempt to secure consideration
for his resolution directing the secretary of
tho treasury to inform the senate of the
total number of persons engaged in protected
industries whose wages might be
affected by tariff legislation. Mr. Gallin-gcr
(Rep., N. H.) objected, and Mr. Morrill
(Rep., Vt.) moved to refer it to the finance
committee. Mr. Allen gave notice that as
long as tho resolution remained unacted
upon he would object to all legislation by
unanimous consent. Mr."Morrill's motion
was defeated by a vote of 16 to 27.
At 10:30 the senate resumed the consideration
of the income tax provisions of the
tariff bill. Mr. Hill withdrew he amend-,
ment he offered on Saturday to strike out
the provision exempting the interest On
United States bonds from the operation of
the tax. Mr. Hill said his object in offering
the amendment was to call the attention
of the country to the fact that $635,-
000,000 of property in government
bonds were necessarily exempt from the
topcration of the income tax under the law.
Although the ostensible purpose of tho income
tax was to reach .wealth and equalize
taxation, (there was an enormous investment
of capital which the income tax could
not reach. Mr. Hill then moved to exempt
state, county and municipal bonds. He
argued that taxation of state bonds'by the
federal government would be a direct attack
upon the administration of the states.
If tho federal government had the right
to diminish the value o£ str>9 bonds and
securities, it had the right to destroy
them. Aside from the question of the exercise
of a doubtful power, in justice to
the states which senators represented on
this floor, and upon which this tax bore
harshly, Mr. Hill thought the states should
have the right to issue bonds without /)©-
ing subjeot to federal taxation.
Mr. Vest's Reply.
Mr. Vest thought the exemption pro
posed presented a very different question
from that with reference to United States
bonds. It was no benefit to the stpes or
municipalities to exempt their bonds. The
bonds were^ sold in the open markets.
They went into the hands of private holders
and should be subject to taxation. Mr.
Hill contended that Mr. Vest begged the
question. The exemption proposed would
add nothing to the constitutional rights of
the states and would take nothing away. If
it Was fair' and right to exempt government
bonds, it was equally fair and right
to exempt state and municipal bonds. It
would in nowise affect the holders. If
state bonds were to be subjected to. federal
taxation, tlicy would bring less in the
piarket and probably have to bear higher
rates of interest. He maintained that
unless the states were placed on an equality
with the federal government with ro-gard
to the taxation of their securities a
great injustice would be done,
"If the states by law specifically exempted
their bonds, could the United
States tax them?" asked Mr. Piatt (Rep.,
" Unquestionably not," replied Mr. Hill.
"That would bo beyond the constitutional
£OW«r of congress.''
Mr, Ohandeler (Rep., N. H.) said, although
he had no particular interest in
making this bad bill any better, lie hoped
upon reflection that tho Democratic majority
would not place states and municipalities
when tlicy were forced to borrow
money in a worse position than the United
States. The United States
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